Food Webs, Chains, Succession, Cycles (Ch. 5)

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Photosynthesis
Plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to produce carbohydrates and oxygen.
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates.
Producer
An organism that can make food often through photosynthesis.
Consumer
Eats other organisms to obtain food.
Decomposer
An organism that gets food from breaking down dead organisms.
Food Chain
Shows the pathway of energy transfer through a few organisms.
Food Web
A diagram that shows the feeding relationships between many species in an ecosystem.
Trophic Level
The individual steps in a food chain or food pyramid.
Ecological Succession
The gradual process by which ecosystems change and develop over time.
Primary Succession
Succession that begins in an area that did not have life before.
Secondary Succession
Succession in an area partially or totally destroyed but has soil.
Pioneer Species
The first species to colonize an area.
Climax Community
A final, stable community in equilibrium with the environment.
A rose bush is an example of a...
Producer
A buffalo is an example of a...
Consumer
A lion is an example of a...
Consumer
A mushroom is an example of a...
Decomposer
How much energy is passed from one trophic level to the next?
10%
The form of succession that took place when the volcanic Hawaiian islands gradually became tropical forests is...
Primary Succession
The abiotic factor that is present during secondary succession, but not primary succession is...
Soil
Which nutrient cycle would the addition of CO2 be part of?
The Carbon Cycle
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