20 terms

US History Unit 2- Progressive Era

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Americanization Movement
a variety of programs and campaigns aimed at turning foreigners into Americans. At the turn of the 20th century, millions of immigrants poured into the United States.
Assimilation
the absorption and integration of people, ideas, or culture into a wider society or culture.
Angel Island
the largest island in California's San Francisco Bay area. It was used as an immigration center in the late 19th century.
Bessemer Steel Process
A method of producing high quality steel by shooting air into molten steel to burn off carbon and other impurities. It was named for the British inventor Sir Henry Bessemer, who worked to develop the process in the 1850's.
Chinese Exclusion Act
A federal law passed by complaints by the West Coast that competition from Chinese immigrants was driving down their wages and threatening white "racial purity". It suspended Chinese immigration for ten years and declared Chinese immigrants ineligible for naturalization as American citizens. the law was renewed in 1892 for another ten years, and in 1902, Chinese immigration was permanently banned. Chinese immigrants didn't become eligible for citizenship until 1943.
Civil Service
A system or method of appointing government employees on the basis of competitive examinations, rather than by political patronage.
Ellis Island
An island in upper New York Bay: a former U.S. immigrant examination station.
The Jungle
A novel (1906) by Upton Sinclair.
Industrialization and its impacts
The large-scale introduction of manufacturing, advanced technical enterprises, and other productive economic activity into an area, society, country, etc. Environmental Pollution and Overcrowded.
Melting pot
A pot which metals or other substances are melted or fused.
Nativism
The policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants.
Patronage
The financial support or business provided to a store, hotel, or the like, by customers, clients, or paying guests.
Political Machine
A group that controls the activities of a political party.
Prohibition
The act of prohibiting
The Progressive Movement and Goals
Was an effort to cure many of the ills of American society that had developed during the spurt of industrial growth in the last quarter in the 19th century.
Social Darwinism
the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. Now largely discredited, social Darwinism was advocated by Herbert Spencer and others in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was used to justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to intervention and reform
Social Gospel Movement
a religious movement that arose during the second half of the nineteenth century. Ministers, especially ones belonging to the Protestant branch of Christianity, began to tie salvation and good works together. They argued that people must emulate the life of Jesus Christ.
Sherman Antitrust Act
The definitive antitrust statute, passed by Congress in 1890 that prohibits monopolies or unreasonable combinations or companies to restrict or in any way control interstate commerce.
Tenement housing
A house divided into and rented out as seperate residences, especially one that run-down and overcrowded
Urbanization
the act or fact of urbanizing or taking on the characteristics of the city.