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American Politics - Chapter 2 Constitution
Terms in this set (57)
The Madisonian Model of government was devised to ___.
D. implemented separation of powers
The Philadelphia meeting, which became the Constitutional Convention, was called "for the sole and express purpose"
A. revising the Articles of Confederation.
The Articles of confederation provided that:
A. each state could send two to seven representatives to the congress.
The earliest colonial legislature in America was the __.
B. Assembly of freemen
In an attempt to negotiate with the Anti-Federalists during the Constitutional ratification, the Federalists promised to:
B. add a bill of rights to the constitution under the new government.
In the context of the Continental Congress, which of the following is true of the committees of "safety" or "observation"?
E. They reported to the press the names of those who violated the boycott against Britain.
Which of the following is true of the provisions of the Articles of confederation?
A. The Congress of the Confederation was established as a unicameral assembly of representatives.
After the British victory in the Seven Years' War, the:
B. British government began imposing taxes on the American colonists.
Which of the following proposals was part of the Virginia Plan?
B. A national executive branch, elected by a bicameral legislature
The first time a majority of American colonists joined together to oppose British rule was during:
E. the Stamp Act congress.
The colonists began using the word American to describe themselves:
D. after the conclusion of the Seven Years' War
Which of the following was proposed in the New Jersey Plan?
D. the Act of Congress would be the supreme law of the land.
One of the reasons there are so few amendments to the constitution is that
B. the framers made the formal amendment process difficult
As opposed to their opponents, which of the following is an advantage the federalists had in the debate over the ratification of the constitution?
A. They assumed a positive name, leaving their opposition with the negative label.
At the Constitution Convention, in exchange for a ban on export taxes, the South agreed to let Congress have the power to ___.
E. regulate interstate commerce
___ emphasizes "effective government" rather than "limited government."
The parliamentary system
The __ pioneered the popular election of a governor and judges.
B. Mayflower Compact
The First Constitutional Congress:
A. called for a continued boycott of British goods.
The __established a national form of government following the American Revolution.
A. Articles of Confederation
In response to the Boston Tea Party, the British Parliament:
C. closed Boston Harbor and placed the government of Massachusetts under direct British control.
Which of the following is true of the pamphlet Common Sense?
D. It argued that American could be economically self-sufficient and does not need its British connection.
which of the following statements is true about the declaration of Independence?
E. It elevated the dispute between Britain and the American colonist to a universal level.
All the amendments to the constitution have been proposed by:
C. a two-thirds vote in the Senate and in the House of Representatives.
which of the following statements is true about the stamp act?
E. It required that all legal documents use specially embossed paper that was to be purchased from the government.
within a year of signing the ___, the new nation was suffering from a serious economic depression.
D. Declaration of Independence
The madisonian model of government is based on the principle of
A. separation of powers
the __ was adopted on July 4,1776 and most of the document was written by Thomas Jefferson.
C. Declaration of Independence
for the most part, the delegates to the constitutional convention were
B from the best-educated and wealthiest classes
Which of the following is true of the fundamental orders of connecticut?
D. It called for the civil laws to be made by an assembly of elected representatives from each town.
The delegates of the __ wrote a new constitution, the U.S Constitution that established a federal form of government.
A. Constitutional Convention
Which of the following is true of Shays' Rebellion?
It was one of the series of disruptions which indicated the need for a strong central government.
the constitution incorporated the principle of __ as the solution to the debate over whether the national government or the states should have ultimate sovereignty.
In the context of the Issues regarding slavery, which of the following statements is true about the settlement that was reached at the Constitutional Convention?
C. Slaves who had fled to the northern states had to be returned to their owners.
which of the following was a fear expressed by the new Constitution's critics?
C. A republican form of government would not work in a nation the size of the United States.
The __consists of the first ten amendments to the U.S constitution.
A. Bill of Rights
The framers of the Constitution brought with them__ when they met in Philadelphia in 1787.
C. the principle of separation of powers
The "traditional" amendment ratification method involves:
C. a two-thirds vote in the senate and in the house of representatives in favor of the amendments.
Which of the following is true of a confederation?
D. It is an involuntary association of states which are annexed by the most powerful state.
Which of the following is a consequence of Shays' Rebellion"
D. It led to the signing of the Declaration Of independence
The battle over the ratification of the Constitution was fought chiefly by two opposing groups, __.
D. The Federalists and the Anti-Federalist.
Which of the following is the Mayflower Compact?
E. It was written by the Protestant Pilgrims who went on the settle in the New World.
As the American colonies transformed themselves into sovereign states, republican sentiment was so strong in many of them that the __ became all powerful.
D. state governments
The __ was America's first written constitution, which was adopted in 1639.
C. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Which of the following is true of the Second Continental Congress?
It decided that the colonies should send a petition to King George 3 to explain their grievances.
Following Paine's publication of Common Sense, the Second Continental Congress:
A. suggested that all colonies establish state government separate from Britain.
The Mayflower Compact reflected that fact that Plymouth was essentially a __ colony.
Which of the following statements is true of the massachusetts body of liberties?
C. It became the Bill of Rights.
Why did most American colonists did not want to become independent of Britain?
C. Britain was the homeland, and ties of loyalty were strong.
How did the British Parliament respond to the declaration of rights and grievances sent to King George 3 after bring drafted at the Stamp Act Congress?
E. The British Parliament said they would no longer defend the colonies.
Which of the thirteen colonies did not participate in the first continental congress?
The congress of the colonies that met in 1775 to assume the powers of a central government and to establish an army is known as the __.
D. Second Continental Congress
Which of the following settled states' claims to many of the western lands and established a basic pattern for the government of new territories.
B Treaty of Versailles
Which of the following documents confirmed the colonies' indepedences from Britain?
C.Treaty of Paris
why did Rhode Island refuse to send delegates to the constitutional convention?
C. They did not want to create a more powerful central government.
Under the Articles of confederation, each state had __ the unicameral assembly of representatives.
A. proportional representation (based on state population) in
the Philadelphia meeting, which became the Constitutional convention, was called "for the sole and express purpose"
A. revising the Articles of confederation
Under the articles of Confederation,
D. nine states had to approve any laws before it was enacted.
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