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Learning Outcomes for Exam 1
Terms in this set (14)
Describe a person in anatomic position.
-Standing upright with feel parallel and flat on the floor
-Palms are facing anteriorly (toward the front) and arms are at the side of the body
-Head is level and eyes are looking forward
Describe how to use the terms right and left in the anatomical reference.
-Use 'right' and 'left' from the perspective of the patient.
-Used through the eyes of the patient
Identify the Coronal Plane in which a body might be dissected.
-also called the 'frontal plane'
-cuts the body or organ in anterior (front) and posterior (back) parts
Identify the Transverse Plane in which a body might be dissected.
-also called 'horizontal' or 'cross-sectional' planes
-cuts the body into superior (top) and inferior (bottom) parts
Identify the Midsaggital Plane in which a body might be dissected.
-also called 'median plane'
-cuts the body through the center of the body or organ
-creates right and left halves
Identify the Saggital Plane in which a body might be dissected.
-cuts the body or organ into right and left halves, but they are not equal
Identify the Oblique Plane in which a body might be dissected.
-cuts the body or organ part at an angle
Textbook definition: "Anatomy is the study of the structure and form".
Deirdre's definition: the study of each and every body part by discovering its individual structure and form that makes up the human body.
Textbook definition: "Physiology is the study of function of the body parts".
Deirdre's definition: the study of how each body part functions on the individual and systems level.
Give examples to show the interrelationship between anatomy and physiology.
Anatomy: Focuses on the form and structure of the uterus. How it is built, what molecules create the organ, it's individual characteristics
Physiology: Focuses on the function of the uterus. Examines how it goes through its monthly cycle, noting its regular/irregular patterns.
Describe the major levels of organization in the human organization (in order from simplest to complex).
Give an example for each level of organization.
-Molecule (e.g. H20, CO2)
-Macromolecule (e.g. DNA, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acid, protein)
-Organelle (e.g. Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, ribosome)
-Cells (eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells)
-Epithelial tissue (covers exposed surfaces and lines body cavities)
-Connective tissue (protects, supports, and binds structures and organs)
-Muscle tissue (protects movement)
-Nervous tissue (conducts nerve impulses for communication
-Organs (e.g. Small intestine, liver, gallbladder, large intestine, stomach, etc.)
Organ System Level
-There are 11 organ systems
-Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Lymphatic, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Urinary, Male Reproductive, Female Reproductive, and the Digestive systems
Describe the location of the Posterior Aspect (cavity) and identify the major organs found within each cavity.
1. Cranial Cavity, also called endocranium
2. Vertebral Canal
-the spinal cord
Describe the location of the Ventral Cavity and identify the major organs found within each cavity.
1. Thoracic Cavity (superior)
-contains the heart, thymus esophagus, trachea, and major blood vessels that connect to the heart
2. Abdominopelvic Cavity
Abdominal Cavity (inferior to thoracic cavity)
-Location: superior to the brim of the hip bones
-contains the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, small and large intestines, and kidneys
Pelvic Cavity (inferior to abdominal cavity)
-location: inferior to the pelvic bring
-contains the distal of large intestines, urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs.
Describe the location of the Pericardial Cavity and identify the major organ within it.
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