H. Chemistry-Periodic table/Bonding
Terms in this set (22)
The attraction or repulsion of particles or objects because of their electric charge.
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom and that determines the atom's chemical properties
States that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to acquire a full set of eight valence electrons (or two for small atoms)
a diagram that shows the distribution of electrons in the orbitals of the energy levels
Lewis dot diagram
A model for representing an atom's valence electrons using dots around the element symbol.
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
A column or group on the periodic table
a property of matter that describes a substance's ability to participate in chemical reactions
describes an atom that has a full outermost energy level
more likely to combine with other elements to form new substances
Elements that are good conductors of electric current and heat. Generally give up electrons during bonding.
elements that are poor conductors of heat and electricity, gases at room temperature. Generally take electrons during bonding.
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another to form a compound
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms to form a molecule
a bond formed by the attraction between positively charged metal atoms and the electrons around them
elements in group one of the periodic table which have one valence electron
alkaline earth metals
elements in group two of the periodic table which have two valence electrons
elements in group 17 of the periodic table which have seven valence
the ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is in a compound
inner transition metals
elements that appear below the main body of the periodic table
Elements that have properties of both metals and nonmetals.
metals in groups 3-12 of the periodic table