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1.4 Different Types of Governments
Terms in this set (22)
a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
Checks and balances
division of government in ways that prevent one branch of government from gaining too much power.
a weak central authority that derives all its powers from the state or provincial governments.
a government that follows a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which the country is governed.
a system in which policy is decided centrally (often by one party) and is binding on all members.
a government in which power is held by one person or a small group of people.
Diffusion of power
how power is spread out between a central government and smaller government units, like states, counties, or cities.
a form of democracy in which people decide policy initiatives directly instead of through elected representatives.
a system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments.
a military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force.
a government that is administered by military forces.
a type of state that joins the political entity of a state with the cultural entity of a nation.
a form of government in which power is held by a few people who are members of a dominant class or group within the society.
a form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the legislature forms the government, and its leader becomes prime minister or chancellor.
a system of government where the head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
a type of democracy with elected officials who represent citizens.
the authority of a state to govern itself or another state.
a form of government in which a god (or group of gods) is recognized as the ultimate ruler.
cruel and oppressive government or rule.
a constitution where the fundamental rules can take the form of customs, usage, precedent and a collection of statutes and legal documents.
the central government holds most of the political authority.
a formal document defining the rules that govern the political system and the rights of citizens and governments.
This set is often in folders with...
1.1 Why do People Create Governments?
1.2 Understanding Citizenship
1.3 Becoming a Citizen
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