36 terms

Book 7 - Reconstruction & Reform

legislation passed that prevented equal rights, almost returned slavery
black codes
tax on a person; don't pay=can't vote
poll tax
To remove officials based on treason, bribery, high crimes, misdemeanor.
1882-1950's no one from China could immigrate to USA.
Chinese Exclusion Act
even immigrants are entitled to equal protection under the law
decision in Yick Wo case
wanted fast, dramatic change in the south-wanted to impeach Andrew Johnson
Radical Republicans
invented barbed wire
Joseph Glidden
invented the reaper- a new way of business- warranty, installment buying- made big farms possible
Cyrus McCormick
designed steel plow-made farming possible in Midwest
John Deere
great general of the Nez Perce Indians
Chief Joseph
he was corrupt, associated with big city, greed and crime, he bought politicians, he was a symbol for the need for reform
Boss Tweed
represents all laws in the south of separation, segregation, and racism
Jim Crow
Radical Republican, abolitionist, hated Andrew Johnson, wrote 14th Amendment, helped write the 15th Amendment.
Thaddeus Stevens
deciding vote to NOT impeach Andrew Johnson
Edmund Ross
cartoonist, showed the real side of Boss Tweed
Thomas Nast
made the subway, reformer, defied corrupt Boss Tweed
Ely Beach
too trusting, "useless", he did damage to the economy, president after Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Lincoln's VP, became President after Lincoln was assassinated, stubborn, didn't enforce laws, impeached, but not convicted
Andrew Johnson
abolished slavery
13th Amendment
equal protection under law, made Federal Law supreme, no state can take away unalienable rights
14th Amendment
gave all men over 21 the right to vote
15th Amendment
immigrants from Europe came through here to become citizens
Ellis Island
it provided food, clothing, and education to freed slaves; set up black schools and churches
Freedman's Bureau
legal separation of races
Yankee who went into the south to do business.
first railroad from East to West
Transcontinental Railroad
women's suffrage leader, arrested in NY
Susan B. Anthony
invented light bulb, motion picture, phonograph, telegraph
Thomas Edison
right to vote
he didn't look black, sat on a white railroad car, was arrested; the court decided that "separate but equal" was Constitutional
Homer Plessy
she was against lynching, wrote about it, lived in an integrated town, got on a white railroad car, sued railroads and awarded $500, which they took back; threatened to be lynched for speaking the truth
Ida B. Wells
killing by a mob without due process of law
born into slavery, freed, wanted education, "held back his race," got his own school and taught many, believed in compromising.
Booker T. Washington
to change
to rebuild
founder of the NAACP, first black person to receive a Ph.D from Harvard, didn't believe in compromising, wanted full equality for blacks, nothing less would do.
W.E.B Dubois