AP BIO 2
Terms in this set (29)
building blocks of proteins
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
C 6, organic element
In proteins, a process in which a protein unravels and loses its native conformation, thereby becoming biologically inactive. In DNA, the separation of the two strands of the double helix.
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by dehydration synthesis.
The bond formed when fatty acid molecules are joined to glycerol molecules in condensation reactions.
long, insoluble, structural proteins.
these are compact, generally rounded, and soluble in water.
A covalent bond formed between two monosaccarides by a dehydration reaction.
Attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a slightly negative atom.
A charged atom
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecules
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form polymers
glucose, fructose, galactose
N 7, essential for growth and reproduction in both plants and animals
molecule that shares electrons equally and does not have oppositely charged ends
A polymer consisting of many nucleotide monomers; serves as a blueprint for proteins and, through the actions of proteins, for all cellular structures and activities. The two types of nucleic acids are DNA and RNA.
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
The chemical bond that forms between the carboxyl group of one amino acid and the amino group of another amino acid
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biological membranes, having a polar, hydrophilic head and a nonpolar, hydrophobic tail.
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in the molecule having a positive end and a negative end
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomers linked together.
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of amino acids and that is a principal component of all cells
Breaking down complex molecules by the chemical addition of water
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to each other with the removal of a water molecule.
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