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chapter 1 test review The renaissance and the reformation
Terms in this set (21)
Why was Venice best able to receive trade from the East during the Renaissance?
was on the coast, and on the eastern side of Italy.
Why was Milan able to collect taxes to trade to the rest of Europe during the Renaissance?
was on the trade route between Venice and Western Europe.
What trading disadvantage did Florence have during the Renaissance? What industry did it develop instead?
. It made cloth instead of trading.
What does the story of Girolama Savonorola tell us about the Medicis? What does it tell us about the Church during the Renaissance?
tells us the Medicis were powerful and the Church was corrupt.
What is the significance of the Spanish betrayal of the Italian city-states during the Renaissance?
brought the end of the Italian Renaissance.
What is important about Machiavelli's The Prince?
was realistic and humanist, not Christian and moral, about political power.
What is important about Castiglione's The Courtier ?
evidence that wealthy men were buying their way into aristocratic status.
What does the vernacular literature indicate about humanism?
indicates interest in secular, humanist topics spread to everyday people
What is significant about education in the Renaissance?
The liberal arts education developed in the Renaissance is the model for education today.
How did the Early Renaissance artists advance art in Italy?
Masaccio, Donatello, and Bruneschelli advanced techniques in realism such as perspective and three-dimensions that made teh art of the High Renaissance possible.
What was Leonardo da Vinci trying to achieve in his art?
\strove for realism and the perfection of the human form
What is significant about Raphael's "School of Athens"?
shows the humanist admiration for the philosophers and ideals of ancient Greece and Rome.
How did Michelangelo indicate the spiritual perfection of his subjects?
used the physical beauty and perfection of human forms to indicate their spiritual perfection.
How did Christian humanism help set the stage for the Protestant Reformation?
allowed for the idea that people could improve themselves by ways other than the Church.
How did Erasmus "lay the egg that Luther hatched"?
Erasmus set the stage for Martin Luther by criticizing the Church's rituals and corruption in with his "philosophy of Christ" and The Praise of Folly .
How did the concepts of justification and Biblical authority challenge the Church's power?
challenge the Church's power by saying that the Church is not necessary for salvation.
What is the significance of the Peace of Augsburg?
it made Protestantism legal in the Holy Roman Empire.
How were the motives for the English Reformation unique?
The other reform movements were motivated by religious concerns. The English Reformation was motivated by politics.
What were Bloody Mary's motives? How did they backfire?
wanted to suppress Protestantism in England, but her efforts only made Protestants more determined.
Why were the Anabaptists persecuted by Catholics and other Protestants?
they were against having any church authority and were for the separation of church and state.
What is the significance of the Jesuit movement and the Council of Trent?
show that the Catholic Church made no changes in beliefs or teachings in response to the Protestant Reformation. They did end the selling of indulgences.
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