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Health related assessment Chapter 1
Terms in this set (21)
Physical activity (PA)
Any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that results in a substantial increase in caloric requirements over resting energy expenditure
A type of PA consisting of planned, structured, and repetitive bodily movement done to improve and/or maintain one or more components of physical fitness
The ability to carry out daily tasks with vigor and alertness, without undue fatigue, and with ample energy to enjoy leisure-time pursuits and meet unforeseen emergencies
Components of Physical Fitness
Components of Physical Fitness (skill related)
Different ways of quantifying PA intensity
% oxygen uptake (VO2R)
Heart rate reserve (HRR)
Oxygen consumption (VO2)
Heart rate (HR)
Metabolic equivalents (METs)
The quantitate values for METs?
Very light/light <3.0
ACSM physical activity recommendations
Benefits of physical activity
7. How many cancers have an inverse relationship with PA?
8. Do you know the statistic behind why physical inactivity is considered a global pandemic?
Global pandemic that has been identified as one of the four leading contributors to premature mortality
Globally, 31.1% of adults are physically inactive
In the US:
51.6% of adults meet aerobic activity guidelines
29.3% meet muscle strengthening guidelines
20.6% meet both the aerobic and muscle strengthening guidelines
why sitting is the new smoking?
Cause greater risk for: all cause mortality, CVD incidence or mortality, cancer incidence, and type 2 diabetes
Deleterious health consequences independent of PA level
10. One hour of smoking is as unhealthy as smoking how many cigarettes?
11. What is the Grim Reaper's preferred walking speed? How fast do you need to walk to outpace the Grim Reaper?
Grim reapers preferred walking speed is: 0.82m/s But you need to walk 1.36m/s or greater to outpace the grim reaper
benefits of improving muscular fitness?
Better cardio metabolic risk factor profile
Lower risk of all cause mortality
Fewer CVD events
Lower risk of developing physical function limitations
Lower risk for non fatal diseases
13. What are the two main increased risks for performing PA/exercise?
Increase risk for musculoskeletal injury and cardiovascular complications
14. What are the two type of cardiac events with an increase risk when performing PA/exercise?
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI)
15. What is the most common exercise-related complication/risk?
Musculoskeletal injury (MSI) is the most common (often associated with exercise intensity, nature of activity, preexisting condition, and musculoskeletal anomalies
16. What did the Onset study show about exercise and risk of AMI?
SCD and AMI are associated with vigorous intensity are much less common than MSI but may lead to long-term morbidity and mortality
17. What is the risk of a having a cardiac event during exercise associated with?
18. Do the benefits of physical activity outweigh the risks?
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