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Chapter 8-The Digestive System

Words of the Digestive System
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an/o
anus/ring
chol/e
bile,gall
cholecyst/o
gall bladder
col/o,colon/o
colon,large intestine
-emesis
vomitting
enetr/o
small intestine
esphg/o
esophogus
gastr/o
stomach,belly
hepat/o
liver
-lithiasis
presence of stones
-pepsia
Digest,digestion
-phagia
eating,swolling
proct/o
anus rectum
rect/o
rectum,straight
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
BIL,Bil,bil
bilrubin
CCE,chole.
cholecystectomy
CIR, CIRR
cirrhosis
COL
colonscopy
CRC
colorectal carcinoma
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EV
esophageal varices
GE
gastroenteritis
ICS
illeocecal sphincter
IH
inguinal hernia
IO
intestinal obsruction
j,jaund
jaundance
MO
morbid obesity
PU
peptic ulcers
TMD
temporomandibular disorders
TPN
Total parenteral nutrition
UC
ulcerative colitis
anastomosis
A/An ___ is a surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures.
peridontium
The bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth are known as the ___.
intussusception
The condition characterized by the telescoping of one part of the intestine into another is ___.
anorexia nervosa
The eating disorder characterized by voluntary starvation and excessive exercising because of an intense fear of gaining weight is known as ___ ___.
amebic dysentery
The infectious intestinal disease known as ___ ___ is caused by the one-celled parasite Entamoeba histolytica.
glucose
The liver removes excess ___ from the bloodstream.
bile
The liver secretes ___, which is stored in the gallbladder for later use.
dysphagia
The medical term meaning difficulty in swallowing is ___.
bilirubin
The pigment produced by the destruction of hemoglobin in the liver is called ___.
anabolism
The process of the building up of body cells and substances from nutrients is known as ___.
cirrhosis
The progressive degeneration of the liver in which scar tissue replaces normal tissue is called ___.
tongue
The receptors of taste are located on the dorsum of the ___.
proctoplasty
The surgical repair of the rectum is known as ___.
stomatomycosis
The term ___ means any disease of the mouth due to a fungus.
Anoscopy
The visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum is known as ___.
ileum
The ___ is the last and longest portion of the small intestine.
hemoccult
The ___ test detects hidden blood in the stools.
ascending colon
The ___ ___ travels upward from the cecum to the under surface of the liver.
abdominal computed tomography (CT)
a radiographic procedure that produces a detailed cross-section of the tissue structure within the abdomen
abdominal ultrasound
a noninvasive test used to visualize internal organs by using very high frequency sound waves
absorption
a noninvasive test used to visualize internal organs by using very high frequency sound waves
acid reducers
decrease the amount of acid produced by the stomach. are used to treat the symptoms of conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease
acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG)
(Uncommon) accompanied by fever, malaise, and enlarged lymph nodes; ulcers develop in interdental papillae; necrotizing process spreads along gum margins, where grayish pseudomembrane develops; red, painful gums bleed easily; foul breath
aerophagia
Swallowing of air
anal fissure
Painful opval ulceration of the anal canal. Most common in midline, posteriroly, less commonly in middle, anteriorly. Long axis is longitudinal. May be swollen sentinal skin tag assoc. with it. Sphincter spastic, examination painful.
anorexia
An eating disorder characterized by an obstinate and willful refusal to eat, a distorted body image, and an intense fear of being fat
antacids
neutralize the acids in the stomach
antiemetic
a medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
anus
A muscular opening at the end of the rectum through which waste material is eliminated from the body
aphthous ulcers
grey-white pits with a red border in the soft tissues lining the mouth; also known as canker sores or mouth ulcers
ascites
an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
bariatric surgery
performed to treat morbid obesity to restricting the amount of food that can enter the stomach and be digested
bariatrics
the branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases
biliary tree
provides the channels through which bile is transported from the liver to the small intestine
body mass index (BMI)
A measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both adult men and women.
bolus
A term used to describe food after it has been chewed and mixed with saliva
borborygmus
Growling sound heard in the abdomen
botulisim
A type of food poisoning caused by the production of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum in improperly canned foods. It is characterized by vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty seeing, dryness of the mouth and pharynx, dyspepsia, cough; it often results in death.
bowel incontinence
the inability to control the excretion of feces
bruxism
the involuntary grinding or clenching of the teeth that usually occurs during sleep and is associated with tension or stress
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting
cachexia
a condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS
capsule endoscopy
examination of the small intestine made by a tiny video camera placed in a capsule and then swallowed; images are transmitted to a waist-belt recorder and then downloaded onto a computer for assessment of possible abnormalities; traditional endoscopy cannot completely access the small intestine because of its length and complexity
Ascending
upward
transerve
across
descending
downward
sigmoid
curved s-shaped