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Identify and Analyze Examples of Figurative Language, Poetic Language & Literary Techniques.

Symbolism

The use of a word for something concrete that stands for something abstract.
"The statue of Liberty represents freedom."

Simile

A comparison of two unlike things using the words "like" or "as".
"She floated in the room like a cloud."

Personification

A figure of speech which gives human qualities to nonhuman things.
"Her stomach growled."

Imagery

Figurative language that uses words to paint a picture in the reader's mind. It helps the reader imagine how something tastes, smells, feels, looks and sounds.
"The bowl held yellow bananas with black-flecked skin and pale green pears."

Onomatopoeia

Poetic language that is the use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings.

"The bees buzzed."

Allusion

A literary technique that is a reference to a well-known person, place, or thing in literature and history.

"She is as pretty as the Mona Lisa."

Metaphor

A figure of speech that compares two unlike things directly without using "like" or "as".

"The book was a passport to adventure."

Alliteration

Poetic language that uses repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

"Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers."

Hyperbole

Figurative language that uses extravagant (great) exaggerations to make a strong effect.

"My backpack weighs a ton."

Idiom

Figurative language that uses sayings that do not make literal, logical or grammatical sense. The meaning of the words is different from the ordinary meanings.

"She has a bee in her bonnet."

His feet are so big that he has to wear skis instead of shoes.

hyperbole

At first Roberta did not play with the boys and girls at her new school. After a week, however, she came out of her shell.

Idiom

The loud, persistent ringing of the noisy alarm woke us up.

imagery

In the sunlight the icy, leafless branches twinkled like diamonds.

simile

The dry earth gratefully drank the rain water.

personification

When the twins' mother came home and saw the mess, she said, "I suppose you're going to blame the Cat in the Hat."

allusion

Happiness is a warm puppy.

metaphor

She sells sea shells on the sea shore. She sells sea shells no more.

alliteration

In the story the red rose was given to the princess by the prince as a sign of his true love.

symbolism

The jingling and tingling of the bells reminded us of the Christmas season.

onomatopoeia

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