214 terms

Kaplan GRE Root Words

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A, AN
Not, Without

Agnostic- one who questions the existence of god.

Amoral- without morals, neither moral nor immoral.

Atheist- One who does not believe in god.

Anonymous- of unknown origin

Apathy- Lacking interest or emotion.

Atrophy- wasting of muscles.

Atypical- not typical

Anomaly- an irregularity
AB/ ABS
From, Away, Apart, Down, Off

Abdicate- Give up (abdicated the thrown- step away)

Abduct- to take by force
Abhor- to hate, detest
Abject-
Abnormal- deviating from standard
Abolish- to do away with, make void
Abstinence- forbearance from any indulgence

Abstract- conceived apart from concrete realities
Abstruse- Hard to understand; secret hidden
AC, ACR
Sharp, Sour, Bitter

Acerbic- Sour or astringent in taste; harsh in tone
Acid- something sharp, sour, or ill-natured
Acrid- sharp or biting to taste or smell
Acrimonious- bitterness or ill will; caustic, stinging
Acumen-
Acute- sharp at end; ending in a point
Exacerbate- to increase bitterness or violence; aggravate
ABLE, IBLE
Capable Of, Worth Of

changeable
combustible,
durable,
indubitable,
inevitable,
laudable,
tolerable,
variable
ACOU
Hearing

acoustic
AD, AL
To, toward, near

Accede,
Adapt- adjust or modify
Addict- to give oneself over, as to a habit or pursuit
Address- to direct a speech or written statement
Adhere- to stick fast; cleave, cling
Adjacent-near, close or contiguous
Adjoin- to be close or in contact with
Admire- to regard with wonder, pleasure, and approval
Advocate- to pleas in favor of
AL/ALI/ALTER
Other, another

Alternative- possible choices
Alias- as assumed name; another name
Alibi-
AMBI, AMPHI
Both, On Both Sides, Around

ambidextrous, ambient, ambiguous, amphibian, amphitheater
AMBL, AMBUL
Walk

amble, ambulance, ambulatory, perambulator, preamble
AMIN
Mind, Spirit, Breath

animadversion, animal, animate, animosity, equanimity, magnanimous, pusillanimous, unanimous
ANT, ANTE
Before

ancient, antebellum, antecedent, antechamber, antedate, antediluvian, anterior, anticipate, antiquity
ANTI, ANT
Against, Opposite

antibody, anticlimax, antidote, antipathy, antiphony, antipodal, antiseptic, antithesis, antagonism
AQUA, AQUE
Water

aquamarine, aquarium, aquatic, aquatint, aqueduct, subaqueous
ARD
Burn
AUTO, AUT
Self

autism, autocrat, autograph, automatic, automaton, autonomy
BEL, BELL
War

Antebellum, bellicose, belligerent, rebel, rebellion
BEN
Well, Good

benediction, benefactor, benefit, benevolent, benign
BI, BIN
Two

bifocals, bifurcate, bilateral bilingual, combination, bipartisan, biped
BON, BOUN
Good, Generous

bona fide, bonus, bountiful, bounty, bedonair
BREW, BRID
Short, Small

abbreviated, abridge, brevet, breviary, breviloquent, brevity, brief
BURS
Purse, Money

bursar, bursary, disburse, reimburse
CARN
Flesh

carnage, carnal, carnival, carnivorous, incarnation, reincarnation
CARD, CORD, COUR
Heart

accord, cardiac, cardiograph, cardiology, concord, concordance, cordial, discord, encourage, record
CAUS, CAUT
Burn

caustic, cauterize, cautery, encaustic, holocaust
CED, CESS, CEED
Yield, To Go, To Stop

abscess, accede, antecedent, cessation, concede, exceed, incessant, precede, predecessore, proceed, recede, recess, secede, succeed
CELER
Speed

accelerate, accelerant, celerity, decelerate
CENT
Hundred, Hundredth

bicentennial, cent, centennial, centigrade, centigram, centiliter, centimeter, centipede, century, percent
CHROM
Color

chrome, chromatic, chromosome, monochromatic
CIRCUM
Around

circuit, circuitous, circumference, circumlocution, circumnavigate, circumspect, circumstances
CHRON
Time

anachronism, chronic, chronicle, chronology, chronometer, synchronize
CO, COM, CON, COL
With, Together

coerce, collaborate, collide, commensurate, communicate, compare, compatible, conciliate, connect,
COGN, CONN
To Know

cognition, cognizance, incognito, recognize, reconnaissance, reconnoiter
CONTRA, CONTRO, COUNTER
Against

contradict, contrary, controversy, counter, counteract, counterfeit, countermand, counterpart, counterpoint, encounter
CORP, CORS
Body

corporation, corps, corpse, corpulent, corpus, corpuscle, corset, incorperation
COSM
Order, Universe, World

cosmetic, cosmic, cosmology, cosmonaut, cosmopolitan, cosmos, microcosm
CRED
Trust, Believe

accredit, credentials, credible, credit, creditable, credo, credulity, creed, incredible, incredulous
CRE, CRESC, CRET
To Grow

accretion, accrue, creation, excrescence, increase, increment
CRYPT
Hide/ Hidden

apocryphal, crypt, cryptic, cryptography, cytology
CULP
Fault, Blame

culpable, culprit, exculpate, inculpate, mea culpa
CUMB, CUB
Lie Down

incubate, incubus, incumbent, recumbent, succubus, succumb, concubine, cubicle
CYN, CAN
Dog
DE
Away, Off, Down, Completely, Reversal

decipher, defame, deferential, defile, delineate descend
DEXT
Right Hand, Right Side, Deft

ambidextrous, dexter, dexterity, dexterous
DI
Day

dial, diary, dismal, diurnal, meridian, quotidian
DIA, DI
In Two, Through, Across

diagnose, diagonal, diagram, dialed, dialogue, diameter, diaphanous, diaphragm, diarrhea, diatribe, dichotomy
DIC, DICT, DIT
Speak, To say, To tell, To use words

abdicate, benediction, contradict, dedicate, dictate, dictator, diction, dictionary, dictum, edict, indicate, indict, interdict, malediction, predicate, predict, valedictorian, verdict
DI, DIS, DIF
Away, Apart, Reversal, Not

diffuse, dilate, dilatory, disperse, disseminate, dissipate, dissuade, distant, diverge
DOL
Grieve, To suffer, To pain

Condole, condolence, doleful, dolorous, indolence
DORM
Sleep

dormant, dormitory
DORS
Back
DUC, DUCT
Lead

abduct, conducive, conduct, conduit, induce, induct, produce
DULC
Sweet

Dulcified, dulcimer, dulcet
DUR
Hard, Lasting

dour, durable, duration, duress, during, endure, obdurate, perdurable
E, EX
Out, Out of, From, Former, Completely

efface, eliminate, emanate, eradicate, evade, evict, evince, excavate, excerpt, exclude, execute, exhale, exile, exit, exonerate, expire, extricate
EGO
Self

ego, egocentric, egos, egotist
EQU
Equal, Even

adequate, equable, equation, equidistant, equilibrium, equinox, equivocate, iniquity
ERR
Wander

aberration, arrant, err, errant, erratic, erroneous, error
EU
Well, Good

eugenics, eulogy, euphemism, euphony, euphoria, euthanasia
FAL
To Err, To Deceive

default, fail, fallacy, false, faux pas, infallible
FATU
Foolish
FERN
Boil
FID, FI
Faith
FLAGR, FULG, FULM
Burn, Shine
FLECT, FLEX
Bend, Turn
FUG
Flee
FUM
Smoke
GEN
Birth, Class, Kin
GNO, GNI, COGN, CONN
Know
GRAM, GRAPH
Write, Draw
GREG
Flock
HAP
By Chance
HEMI
Half
HETERO
Other
HOL
Whole
HOMO
Same
HUM
Earth
ICON
Image, Idol
IM, IN
Not
IN, IM, I
In, On
INTER
Between, Among
INTRA
Inside, Within
IT, ITER
Way, Journey
JOC
Joke
JOUR
Day
JUD
Judge
JUNCT, JUG
Join
JUR
Law
JUV
Young
LAUD
Praise
LAV, LAU, LU
Wash
LAX, LAK, LEASE, LES
Loose
LEG, LEC, LEX
Read, Speak
LEV
Light
LIBER
Free
LIG, LI
Tie, Bind
LING, LANG
Tongue
LITH
Stone
LOG, LOQU
Speech, Thought
LUX, LUC
Light
MACRO
Great, Long
MAG, MAX, MAJ, MAS
Great
MAL
Bad
MAN, MANU
Hand
MAND, MEND
Command, Order
MEDI
Middle
MEGA
Large, Great
MICRO
Very Small
MIS
Bad, Wrong Hate
MOLL
Soft
MON, MONO
One
MOR, MORT
Death
MOT, MOV, MOM, MOB
Move
MULT
Mant
MUT
Change
NASC, NAT, GNA
Birth
NAU, NAV
Ship, Sailor
NEO
New
NIHIL
Nothing, None
NOCT, NOX
Night
NOX, NOC
Harm
NOM, NYM, NEC
Name
NON
Not
NOV
New
NULL
Nothing
OB
Against
OMNI
All
ONER
Burden
OSS, OSTE
Bone
PALP
Fell
PAN, PANT
All
PATH
Suffer, Feel
PEC
Money
PED, POD
Foot
PED
Child, Education
PEL
Drive, Push
PENE, PEN
Almost
PERI
Around
PHIL
Love
PHOB
Fear
PHON
Sound
PLAC
Please
PLEN, PLET, PLE
Fill, Full
POLY
Many
PORT
Carry
POST
Behind, After
POT
Drink
PRE
Before, In Front
PRIM, PRI
First
PRO
In Front, Before
PROP, PROX
Near
PROTO, PROT
First
PSUEDO, PSEUD
False
PUG, PUN
Hit, Prick
PYR
Fire
QUAD, QUAR, QUAT
Four
QUIE, QUIT
Quiet, Test
QUINT, QUIN
Five
RADI, RACI, RAMI
Root, Branch
RECT
Straight, Right
REG
King, Rule
RETRO
Backward
RUB, RUD
Red
SACER, SACR, SANCT
Holy
SAL
Salt
SAG, SAP, SAV
Taste, Think
SALU, SALV
Health, Save
SAN
Healthy
SANG
Blood
SAT
Enough
SCRIB, SCRIV, SCRIPT
Write
SE
Down, Out, Away, Apart
SED, SID
Sit
SEM
Seed, Sow
SEMI
Half
SEN
Old
SEQU, SECU, SUE, SUI
Follow
SINU, SIN
Bend, Fold
SOL
Sun
SOMN
Sleep
SOPH
Wisdom
SPEC, SPIC
Look, See
SPIR
Breath
STRICT, STRING, STRAN
Tight
SUA
Please
SUB
Under
SUMM
Highest
SUPER, SUR
Above
SURG, SOURC, SURRECT
Rise
SYM, SYN
Together
TACIT
Silent
TACT, TAG, TAM, TANG
Touch
TEST
Bear Witness
THERM
Heat
TIM
Fear
TORP
Stiff, Numb
TORQ, TORT, TOR
Twist
TOX
Poison
TRANS
Across, Beyond
ULT
Last, Beyond
UMBR
Shadow
UN
Not
UND
Wave
UNI, UN
One
URB
City
VAL, VAIL
Strength, Use, Worth
VER
True
VERB
Word
VERD
Green
VIL
Base, Mean
VIRU
Poison
VIT, VIV
Life
VOC, VOU
Call, Word
VOL
Fly
VOLU, VOLV
Roll, Turn

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