Chapter 7.1-7.2 Cell Structure and Function
Terms in this set (17)
concept in biology that all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things, and new cells are produced from existing cells
Basic unit of all forms of life
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
the fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus.
specialized structure that performs important cellular functions within a eukaryotic cell
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates
Cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins into smaller molecules that can be used by the rest of the cell.
A network of tubes and filaments that: give shape to the cell, serve as internal track, and move the cell
A cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site where protein is made
An internal membrane system in which components of cell membrane and some proteins are constructed
An organelle in eukaryotic cells consisting of stacks of flat membranous sacs that modify, sorts, and package proteins and other materials from the endoplasmic reticulum.
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms that captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food.
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use. "Powerhouse"
Flexible double-layered sheet that makes up the cell membrane and forms a barrier between the cell and its surroundings
A group of tissues working together to perform a closely related function.