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LDC Chpt 4 study guide Soc. Stud hoover
Terms in this set (39)
were one of the four major Greek ethane into which the Greeks, or Hellenes, of the ancient period considered themselves divided.
Herodotus & Plutarch-
was an ancient Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria and lived in the fifth century. He has been called "The Father of History", and was the first historian known to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent, and arrange them in a well-constructed and vivid narrative. The Histories;his masterpiece and the only work he is known to have produced—is a record of his "inquiry", being an investigation of the origins of the Gregor-Persian Wars and including a wealth of geographical and ethnographical information. Although some of his stories were fanciful, he claimed he was reporting only what had been told to him. Little is known of his personal history.
a ruler who has complete power over a country and who is cruel and unfair.
people who have citizenship in a state is called a citizen.
is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, and one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece.
were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields.
is a large peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece.
one of a body of five elected magistrates exercising a supervisory power over the kings of Sparta.
is an ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens.
was the fourth King of Kings of Achaemenid Empire.
was the third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
Marathon (what kind of geographic formation was it?)-
a long-distance running event with an official distance of 42.195 kilometers (26 miles and 385 yards).
Be ready to answer questions about the following (they will be provided for you on the
The map on page 121
The chart on page 185
You will also have 3 questions on a short primary source. This is only 3 points of the test.
Be able to accomplish the following:
Be able to describe the overall geography of Greece (what the terrain was like).
Be able to list the four geographic sections of Greece.
Know the overall sequence of Spartan soldier's training (his age at various stages, etc.)
Know the general differences and similarities between the Minoans and the Mycenaeans, namely, their religion and the way they lived their lives. Which one had a military focus?
The Mycenaeans, and the Mycenaeans copied the Minoans, and they copied their religion, and worship of the goddess Earth Mother.
Know how Athenian women were treated.-
They seen as inferior to men. However, this depended on whether they were a slave.
Know why the Greeks established colonies.-
To create a large empire.
Know how the Spartans approached addressing a shortage of food.-
They kept their soil fertility.
Know the overall culture of Sparta (government, roles of men & women, cultural values, economy, overall role/influence in Greece, etc.).-
Producing good soldiers, and all male citizens were part of the army.
Essay: Choose ONLY ONE of the following essay questions (15 points)
If you could live in Ancient Greece, would you rather live in Sparta or Athens? Why? BE SPECIFIC! Write your opinion using historical details we discussed in class. Address each of the following areas of society in explaining your answer:
Government—what kind did each city have? How did they work?
Culture—what does each city-state value? In other words, what things are important to them?
Gender roles—what was expected of men & women in each city state? Boys and girls?
Explain the cause & effect events leading to the Greek Dark Ages. Also, explain the cause & effect events that allowed the Greeks to emerge out of the Dark Ages.
Know the overall culture of Athens (government, roles of men & women, cultural values, economy, etc.).
Know the overall flow of the battles of the Persian War. Know the significance of each battle (Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea). Know the people involved, the geography of where they fought, and the events leading up to each battle.
Know the long-term impact of the Persian War.
Know the overall structure and process of Athenian Democracy (who participated, what the 3 branches were, responsibilities of each branch, how decisions were made, etc.). This is in your Athenian Democracy reading and what we simulated in class.
Know the overall sequence of events of the Peloponnesian War (i.e., the war between Sparta and Athens). Know the long-term effects of the Peloponnesian War.
Know 5 ways geography influenced the early Greeks (how they lived). This will be a short answer question.
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