15 terms

Most Basic Disease Detectives Terms

The most basic disease detective terms you must know!
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Agent
a substance that causes an effect
Bacteria
microscopic, single celled organisms that lack chlorophyll and nuclei
Epidemic
a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease in a specified community
Outbreak
a sudden occurrence of disease in 2 or more people during a specified period of time
Virus
ultra-microscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts
Symptom
evidence or sign of disease or infection
Public Health Surveillance
system of doctors and health officials collecting and comparing data on various diseases or infections within communities
Exposure
to come in contact with an infectious agent in a manner that promotes transmission and the likelihood of disease
infection
invasion of that body by pathogenic agents
pathogen
a disease causing agent
Pandemic
Geographically widespread and affects a large proportion of the population
onset
time of the appearance of the first symptoms of an illness
vector
an organism that transmits a pathogen
zoonosis
a disease that can pass from animals to humans
fomite
An inanimate object or substance, such as clothing that is capable of transmitting infectious organisms from one individual to another.