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The Golden Age of Pericles

Geece Chapter
STUDY
PLAY
Aeschylus
Father of Greek tragedy. Wrote approximatley 80 plays
Aristotle
Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great. Credited with creation of the scientific method of inquiry.
Civil War
A war between people of the same country.
Delian League
Alliance formed by Greek city-states after the Persian Wars; Athens took advantage of this arrangment leading to the start of the Peloponnesian Wars.
Doric Column
Plain pedestal
Golden Age of Pericles
Period after the Persian wars where Greece was able to enter an age of prosperity and peace
Ionic Column
Ram's horn or scroll under pedestal.
Parthenon
Temple in Athens built to honor the goddess Athena
Peloponnesian League
League created by Sparta to counter the power of Athens during the Peloponnesian Wars.
Peloponnesian Wars
civil wars between Athens and Sparta, resulted in weakening of Greek city-states, then end of the Greek Golden Age, & invasion by Macedonia.
Pericles
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
Phidias
Athenian sculptor who supervised the building of the Parthenon.
Plato
Student of Socrates, wrote The Republic about the perfectly governed society.
Socrates
Athenian philosopher of late 5th century B.C.; tutor of Plato; urged rational reflection of moral decisions; condemned to death for "corrupting" minds of Athenian young.
Sophocles
Greek general of the Peloponnesian wars, writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex.
The Republic
The best-known dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates is shown outlining an ideal state, ruled by philosopher-kings.

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