28 terms

Bio Vocab Ch. 11

STUDY
PLAY
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
codominance
situation in which the phenotypes produced by both alleles are completely expressed
crossing-over
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromosomes during meiosis
diploid
term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homologous chromosomes
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join form a new cell
gamete
sex cell
gene
sequnce of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait; factor that is passed from parent to offspring
genetics
scientific study of heredity
genotype
genetic makeup of an organism
haploid
term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set of genes
heterozygous
having two different alleles for a particular gene
homologous
term used to refer to chromosomes in which one set comes from the male parent and one set comes from the female parent
trait
specific characteristic of an individual
hybrid
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
principle of dominance
Mendel's second conclusion, which states that some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
segregation
separtion of alleles during gamete formation
probability
likelihood that a particular event will occur
homozygous
having two identical alleles for a particular gene
phenotype
physical characteristics of an organism
Punnett square
diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and phenotype combinations of a genetic cross
independent assortment
one of Mendel's principles that states that genes for different traits can segregate inependently during the formation of gametes
incomplete dominance
situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
codominance
situation in which the phenotypes produced by both alleles are completely expressed
multiple alleles
a gene that has more then two alleles
polygenic trait
trait controlled by two or more genes
meiosis
process in which the number of the chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell
tetrad
structure containing four chromosomes that forms during meiosis
zygote
a fertilized egg
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...