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APPH 1040 Health Ch.1
Terms in this set (50)
Laura now sets time aside to read to her daughter each night before bedtime. This behavior will enhance her daughter's _____________.
The ability to maintain satisfying interpersonal relationships. It implies to the ability to be nurturing and supportive and successfully communicate with others.
Having a sense of meaning and purpose in your life.
Includes characteristics such as body size, susceptibility to disease and disorders, body functioning, physical fitness, and recuperative abilities.
Understanding how the health of the space around you in which you live, work, and play can positively or negatively affect you; protecting yourself from hazards in your own space; and working to preserve, protect, and improve conditions of that space for everyone.
All of the following contribute to health disparities in America EXCEPT: race & ethnicity, access to internet, inadequate health insurance, or sexual orientation.
Access to the internet.
Preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged groups.
An individual's belief that he or she is capable of performing a task successfully.
Tobacco smoking and the high blood pressure it often causes are responsible for how many deaths in the U.S. each year?
1 in 5
Physical inactivity and obesity are each responsible for nearly how many deaths in American adults each year?
1 in 10
The proportion of deaths to population.
The expected number of years of full health remaining at a given age.
Locus of Control
An individual's perceived source and underlying cause of events in a his or her life.
Internal Locus of Control
An individual's belief of how much power he or she has over his or her actions.
External Locus of Control
An individual's belief of having no control over a situation or the belief that others control what he or she does.
The first stage in the trans-theoretical model (TTM) of behavior change.
A biological or genetic factor that influences your health.
Cue to Action
A reminder or alert about a potential health problem.
Public Health Model
A view of health that sees the development of disease as resulting from an individual's interaction with his or her social and physical environment.
Which of the following is NOT a primary goal of the Healthy People 2020 initiative? Creating a social environment that promotes health, creating a physical environment that promotes health, achieving healthy equity, or promoting better quality of life for infants and children only.
Promoting better quality of life for infants and children only.
Learning specific behaviors by watching others perform them.
John decides to stop eating fast food at lunchtime and to pack a healthy lunch instead. This behavior change is an example of __________________.
Taking small steps to achieve a change in behavior.
Jesse regards walking outdoors with a friend as a sociable and relaxing activity. How she thinks about this activity is her ________________.
An appraisal of the relationship between some object, action, or idea and some attribute of that object, action, or idea.
A view of health that focuses on an individual's tissues and organs.
The Goals of the Healthy People 2020 Initiative
Improving the health-related quality of life and years for all Americans, as well as focus on achieving health equity and creating physical and social environments that promote health for all.
A mental practice that can transform unhealthy behaviors into healthy ones.
A visualization technique in which athletes and others use mental imagery to become better able to perform an action in actuality.
Substituting a desired behavior for an undesired one.
Rewarding an individual for using positive behavior to promote a positive change. Reinforcing provides motivation to continue a behavior change.
Purposefully stopping negative thoughts to concentrate on taking positive steps toward behavior change.
Receiving some sort of positively regarded object or praise in response to promote certain actions or behaviors.
Dante's friends are all active and enjoy various forms of exercise such as hiking, bike-riding, and going to the gym. As a result, he exercises more than he used to. This is an example of _________________.
An enabling factor.
Actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes.
Americans without health insurance are more likely to _____________ than Americans with health insurance are.
Delay medical treatment.
In any behavior change plan, stumbling blocks are possible. Which of the following can become barriers to behavior change? Having a positive attitude, self-efficacy, overambitious goals, or having support from family and friends.
When Marta's sister gives her affectionate hugs and praises her for her accomplishments, this is an example of which type of positive reinforcer?
All of the following components of "SMART" EXCEPT: measurable, superficial, time-oriented, or realistic.
Determinants that encourage particular health behaviors.
Determinants in an individual's social environment that may cause him or her to partake in particular health behaviors.
Determinants that make you more likely to engage in a particular health behavior.
Signs of appreciation, approval, or love that reward positive behavior change.
A type of reward that involves edible items that you enjoy to promote a positive behavior change.
Incentives that often reward or benefit both parties (e.g. mowing your lawn in exchange for lower rent).
An opportunity to do something enjoyable (e.g. going on a trip) as a reward for a positive behavior change.
Prior to the 1900s, what was the leading cause of death in America?
The two leading causes of death among the overall U.S. population are __________.
Heart disease and cancer.
The word health is often used to mean the same as __________.
Which of the following is NOT one of the top ten reported impediments to academic performance? Depression, stress, excessive exercise, or sleep difficulties.