APUSH Chapter 20: Girding for War: The North and the South, 1861-1865

European powers favored a civil war in the United States because war would weaken the United States' power in the
Western Hemisphere
President Lincoln's decision on what to do about the situation of Fort Sumter in the first weeks of his administration can best be characterized as
A middle of the road solution
Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter when it was learned that
Lincoln had ordered supplies sent to the fort
Many Northerners were willing to allow Southern states to leave the Union until
The South attacked Fort Sumter
In order to persuade the Border States to remain in the Union, President Lincoln
used legally dubious methods
The Border States offered the following advantages:
a. a large population
b. a good supply of horses and mules
c. valuable manufacturing capacity
d. large navigable rivers
Lincoln's declaration that the North sought to preserve the Union with or without slavery revealed the influence of
the Border States on his policies
During the Civil War, most of the five civilized Tribes in the Indian Territory of present-day Oklahoma supported
the Confederacy
In return for support for the Plains Indians during the Civil War, the Union waged war on them and
herded them onto reservations
To achieve its independence, the Confederacy had to
fight the invading Union army to a draw
As the Civil War began, the South seemed to have the advantage of
more talented military leaders
The following were similar characteristics that both the Union and Confederate soldiers shared:
a. most soldiers had been farmers or farm laborers
b. most troops were native born
c. almost half were under the age of 22
d. both shared a commitment to Patriotism
Johnny Reb tended to be:
a. jocular?
b. emotional
c. religious
d. bred to fight
all EXCEPT detached personally from the war
Billy York tended to be:
a. literate
b. intellectual
c. practical
d. efficient
all EXCEPT religious
Of all the hardships faced by the soldiers during the Civil War, the greatest was
The greatest weakness of the South during the Civil War was its
The North's greatest strength in the Civil War was its
Much of the hunger experience by Confederate soldiers in the Civil War was due to
the South's rickety transportation system
Northern soldiers eventually became known for
their discipline and determination
To find effective high-level commanders, the Union used
trial and error
A supposed asset for the South at the beginning of the Civil War that never materialized to its real advantage was
intervention from Britain and France
One reason that the British did not try to break the Union blockade of the South during the Civil War was that
they feared losing Northern grain shipments
The South believe that the British would come to its aid because
Britain was dependent of Southern Cotton
During the Civil War, Britain and the U.S. were nearly revoked into war by the Trent Affair, involving the removal of
Southern diplomats from a British ship
During the Civil War, diplomacy for the Union and the Confederacy was
critical for both
Confederate Commerce-Raiders such as the Alabama proved effective against
Union shipping
The Confederacy's most effective commerce-raider was
the Alabama
Napoleon III's attempt to install Maximilian on the Mexican throne was
a clear violation of the Monroe Doctrine
France abandoned it attempt to control Mexico when
the United States threatened to force France to leave
During the Civil War, relations between the Union and Canada were
at times very poor
The Southern cause was weakened by the concept of states' rights that
the Confederacy professed
As leader of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis
defied rather than led public opinion
The problems that Abe Lincoln experienced as president were less prostrating than those experienced by Jefferson Davis partly because
the North had a long-established and fully recognized government
As president of the confederacy, Jefferson Davis did not exercise the arbitrary power wielded by Abe Lincoln because of
the South's emphasis on states' rights
To fill the army's demand for troops, the North relied mainly on
The Union's establishment of the National Banking System was
the first significant step toward a unified banking network since 1836
During the Civil War, the Union launched
a new national banking system
As a result of the Civil War, the Northern economy
emerged more prosperous than ever before
The only major Northern industry that suffered economic reversal during the Civil War was
foreign shipping
During the Civil War, women in the North had
new opportunities opened to them in industry