How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

47 terms

Unit 3: Ancient Greece

STUDY
PLAY
agora
the marketplace of a Greek city state, center of civic life, a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
myth
a traditional story accepted as history
epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
arete
The highest virtue in Homeric society; courage and excellence that equipped a hero to acquire and defend honor
polis
City-state
phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
helot
In the society of ancient Sparta, a peasant bound to the land
democracy
Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representative
tragedy
dramatic play dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character
comedy
a humorous form of drama that often includes slapstick and satire
socratic method
way of teaching developed by Socrates that used a question-and-answer format to force students to use their reason to see things for themselves
hellenism
Blending of Egyptian, Persian and Greek culture; emphasis on philosophy and sciences.
minoans
A Neolithic people that started around 3000BCE, supposedly the earliest people on the island of Crete. They were excellent sailors & traded w/ Egypt & the Fertile Crescent and were conquered by mainland Greece around 1400 BCE.
Homer
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BCE)
Herodotus
Greek historian whose writings, chiefly concerning the Persian Wars, are the earliest known examples of narrative history.
Thermopylae
a narrow pass in east-central Greece where an unsuccessful attempt by the Spartans led to their defeat by Xerxes and the Persians in 480 B.C. during the Persian Wars
Persian Wars
A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.).
The Republic
The best-known writings of Plato, in which Socrates is shown outlining an ideal state, ruled by philosopher-kings.
Olympics
Greek athletic competitions to celebrate the Gods and feed city-state rivalries beginning in 776BCE, eventually revived in 1896.
Phillip II
King of Macedon; gained control of Greece; believed his destiny to unify Greek city-states and spread Greek culture; left throne to son Alexander the Great
The Academy
School founded by Plato in Athens to train statesmen and citizens, focus on philosophy
Mycenaean
an Indo-European person who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 B.C.
Dorian
A member of an ancient Hellenic race that completed the overthrow of Mycenaean civilization and settled esp. in the Peloponnisos and Crete
Trojan War
Mycenaeans (Greeks) vs. Troy. Trojan Prince kidnapped Helen, wife of the Mycenaen's king. Greeks won when they tricked the Trojans with the Trojan Horse. The Iliad gives information about the Trojan War.
tyrant
person who takes power by force and rules with total authority
oligarchy
a system of government in which a small group holds power
aristocracy
a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
direct democracy
system of government in which citizens gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters
philosopher
lover of, or searcher for, wisdom or knowledge
philosophy
love of wisdom
Socrates
philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked students pointed questions to make them use their reason
Plato
Student of Socrates, started the Academy, wrote The Republic about the perfectly governed society, taught Aristotle
Aristotle
philosophy student of Plato, tutor of Alexander the Great
Pericles
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens during its Golden Age and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
Solon
Ruler who outlawed slavery and made government reforms
Iliad
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) that tells the story of the final years of the Trojan War
Odyssey
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy
Black-figure pottery
black figures painted on terra-cotta, associated with the Golden Age of Greece
Red-figure pottery
the background is glazed black so that figures stand out in terra-cotta
hubris
excessive pride or arrogance that results in the downfall of the hero/character
kleos
Greek word for glory or fame after death, like Achilles
Alexander the Great
successor of Philip of Macedon; 1st global empire stretching from Greece to India, spread of Hellenistic culture is greatest achievement
Xerxes
Persian King that fought Greeks in Persian Wars, especially in the battle of Thermopylae
Leonidas
king of Sparta and hero of the battle of Thermopylae where he was killed by the Persians (died in 480 BCE)
Achilles
son of Peleus and Thetis, Greek warrior in the Trojan War and hero of Homer's Iliad
acropolis
a hilltop where citizens met for government activities and religious observances

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.