the marketplace of a Greek city state, center of civic life, a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
The highest virtue in Homeric society; courage and excellence that equipped a hero to acquire and defend honor
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
way of teaching developed by Socrates that used a question-and-answer format to force students to use their reason to see things for themselves
A Neolithic people that started around 3000BCE, supposedly the earliest people on the island of Crete. They were excellent sailors & traded w/ Egypt & the Fertile Crescent and were conquered by mainland Greece around 1400 BCE.
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BCE)
Greek historian whose writings, chiefly concerning the Persian Wars, are the earliest known examples of narrative history.
a narrow pass in east-central Greece where an unsuccessful attempt by the Spartans led to their defeat by Xerxes and the Persians in 480 B.C. during the Persian Wars
The best-known writings of Plato, in which Socrates is shown outlining an ideal state, ruled by philosopher-kings.
Greek athletic competitions to celebrate the Gods and feed city-state rivalries beginning in 776BCE, eventually revived in 1896.
King of Macedon; gained control of Greece; believed his destiny to unify Greek city-states and spread Greek culture; left throne to son Alexander the Great
School founded by Plato in Athens to train statesmen and citizens, focus on philosophy
A member of an ancient Hellenic race that completed the overthrow of Mycenaean civilization and settled esp. in the Peloponnisos and Crete
Mycenaeans (Greeks) vs. Troy. Trojan Prince kidnapped Helen, wife of the Mycenaen's king. Greeks won when they tricked the Trojans with the Trojan Horse. The Iliad gives information about the Trojan War.
system of government in which citizens gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters
philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked students pointed questions to make them use their reason
Student of Socrates, started the Academy, wrote The Republic about the perfectly governed society, taught Aristotle
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens during its Golden Age and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) that tells the story of the final years of the Trojan War
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy
Alexander the Great
successor of Philip of Macedon; 1st global empire stretching from Greece to India, spread of Hellenistic culture is greatest achievement
king of Sparta and hero of the battle of Thermopylae where he was killed by the Persians (died in 480 BCE)