Terms in this set (15)
The belief that the earth is the center of the universe.
The idea that the sun is at the center of the universe and everything revolves around it.
Believed that all planets revolved around the earth and that they did so in a perfect circle.
Supported Aristotle's geocentric model, but suggested that planets moved in epicycles.
Was a Polish scholar that proposed a heliocentric, or sun-centered model of the universe.
Calculated the orbits of planets revolving around the sun and supported Copernicus's heliocentric view and introduced the idea that the planets move on an ellipse.
Assembled a telescope and proved the Copernicus's heliocentric model was accurate. He was threatened to death because his theory went against the accepted religious beliefs of the time.
An Englishman who stressed experimentation and observation and wanted science to make life better for people by leading to practical technologies.
A Frenchman who emphasized human reasoning and is known for his famous statement, "I think, therefore I am."
Saw an apple fall from a tree and determined that a single force called gravity keeps the planets in their orbits around the sun.
Published the first accurate and detailed study of human anatomy through the help of studying the human body during autopsies.
This invention helped to spread the word and made information available to the masses
Focus was now on human intellect, achievement and the belief in the power of education and creativity
belief that opinions and actions should be based on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response.
to challenge the beliefs accepted as true by the church