APGOV: Unit 4 - American Political Ideology and Beliefs
Terms in this set (45)
Politics that focuses directly on the candidates, their particular issues, and character, rather than on party affiliation.
A person who believes in government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom.
An election that signals a party realignment through voter polarization around new issues and personalities.
Representative to the party convention.
The scientific study of population characteristics.
Polls conducted as voters leave selected polling places on Election Day.
One who favors greater government intervention, particularly in economic affairs and in the provision of social services.
One who believes in limited government interference in both personal and economic liberties.
Margin of Error
Ameasure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll.
The principle that the greater number should exercise greater power.
A person who takes a relatively centrist view on most political issues.
The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
National Party Platform
A statement of the general and specific philosophy and policy goals of a political party usually promulgated at the national convention.
A doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and, as such, can be understood by reason.
A citizen's self-proclaimed preference for one party or the other.
Dramatic shifts in partisan preferences that drastically alter the political landscape.
The freedom of the individual to do as he pleases limited only by the authority of politically organized society to regulate his action to secure the public health, safety, or morals or of other recognized social interests.
The presence of increasingly conflicting and divided viewpoints between the Democratic and Republican Parties
The belief that one's political participation really matters - that one's vote can actually make a difference.
The principle that all citizens are the same in the eyes of the law.
A coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose, which helps give meaning to political events.
A party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage.
Actions of private citizens by which they seek to influence or support government and politics.
An organization group with shared goals and ideals that join to run candidates for office and exercise political and electoral power.
The process through which individuals acquire their political beliefs and values.
The study of who gets what, when, and how or how policy decisions are made.
A sampling or collection of opinions on a subject, taken from either a selected or a random group of persons, as for analysis.
The principle that governments must draw their powers from the consent of the governed.
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
An electoral system in which parties gain seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for them.
A collection of the individual views, attitudes, and beliefs about a topic, expressed by a significant proportion of a community.
Public Opinion Polls
Interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used to estimate the feelings and beliefs of the entire population.
Polls were taken for the purpose of providing information on an opponent that would lead respondents to vote against that candidate.
Random Digit Dialing
A technique used by pollsters to play telephone calls randomly to both listed and unlisted numbers when conducting a survey.
A method of poll selection that gives each person in a group the same chance of being selected.
Complete change NOW to a society of the past.
A subset of the whole population selected to be questioned for prediction or gauging opinion.
The gradual rearrangement of party coalitions based more on demographic shifts than on shocks to the political system.
One who believes that the government should support and further traditional moral teachings.
Unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety of issues and policies.
The channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the government's policy agenda include elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.
Delegate to the Democratic Party's national convention whose vote at the convention is unpledged to a candidate; this is a position reserved for a party official.
Institutional collection of policy-oriented researchers and academics who are sources of policy ideas.
An electoral system in which the party that receives at least one more vote than any other party wins the election.
A style of government characterized by submission to authority. It tends to opposed individualism and democracy. In its most extreme cases, it is one in which political power is concentrated in a leader or leaders, who possess exclusive, unaccountable, and arbitrary power.