American History I -- Unit 1
Pre-Columbian Americas and non-English Colonies
Terms in this set (26)
This society, located in the Valley of Mexico, were a polytheistic, warrior-based society believing in human sacrifice; they were conquered by Cortez.
Bartolomé de Las Casas
Called the "Protector of the Native Americans," his report to the Pope criticizing the treatment of the natives helps lead to the adoption of African Slavery in the Americas.
Bering land bridge
Also called Beringia, this is the path that humans travelled to get from Asia to the Americas about 13k - 25k years ago.
The theory that the Spanish brought such unspeakable death and destruction to the Native Americans that the English had to up their colonialization patterns to "protect" the natives.
He is given credit (in elementary school) with "discovering" the New World, at least for Europeans, in 1492.
The transfer, beginning with Columbus' 1st Voyage—of plants, animals, humans, ideas and diseases between the Old World (Europe) and the New World (Americas)
A group of Spaniards who traveled to the Americas as explorers and conquerors in the 16th C.
Development of corn (maize)
This "advancement" in human history allowed the Native Americans to settle into farms and villages, leading to the development of civilizations.
Labor style in which Spanish authorities granted colonial landlords the service of Native Americans as forced labor; it's ultimate failure later leads to the adoption of African Slavery as prime source of labor.
Type of dwellings used mostly by North American Natives that included up to many families; it provided living, sleeping and cooking space as well as storage; it could be several stories tall.
Italian, he was a trader, traveler and a special envoy to the Chinese Emperor during the 1200s; his published travels help inspire later explorers such as Columbus.
His criticism of the Christian Catholic Church in the early 16th C. led to the Protestant Reformation and served as fuel to inspire some explorers to spread the word of God to non-believers.
To trace descent and inheritance through the female line of your ancestors.
This society, located mostly in today's Guatemala and the Yucatan Peninsula, is known for it's astronomy, math and step pyramids.
Children of mixed marriages between Spanish colonists and Native Americans.
This society, located to the east of the Mississippi River, developed complex trading and building communities to honor their dead and also some animals.
This society, located in Central America along the Gulf of Mexico, mysteriously disappeared around 400 B.C.
Farm on which a single crop, usually one that requires much human labor, is grown on a large scale.
This insurrection occurred in Pueblo; it was moderately successful in that it removed the Spanish for ~12 years and when they returned, the Spanish did not attempt to re-disrupt the Pueblo society again.
Prince Henry the Navigator (Portugal)
He established a school to encourage exploration and Cartography; he also sponsored many different explorers and their trips south along & around the African coast, ultimately reaching India.
This society, located in the southwest of North America, were able to leave the adobe homes and villages named after them to set up an agricultural society along the rivers of today's Texas & Arizona using irrigation.
Movement started in the 16th C. to fix or adjust the Catholic Church and it's corruption; many credit Martin Luther as the originator of this movement that led to the split of the Church into Catholic and Protestant.
It means rebirth; this time period in Europe helped fuel the desire for exploring more of the Earth.
Three G's (God, Gold, Glory)
The main motivations for the explorers and conquerors of the 15th-18th C.; the importance of the individual reasons varied by which explorer you examine.
A way of growing taught to the earliest Europeans by the Native Americans that incorporates different plants in an effort to enhance each plant with support from the others.
Treaty of Tordesillas
This agreement split the world into two zones, along the longitudinal line: 46°37', lands newly "discovered" to the west would belong to Spain and those to the east to Portugal.
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