American History I -- Unit 2
English Colonies in America
Terms in this set (30)
"City on a Hill"
Puritans were to be an example for the rest of the world in rightful living. Future governor John Winthrop stated their purpose quite clearly
American colonist (born in England) who was banished from the Massachusetts Bay colony for her religious views (1591-1643)
An armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers against the rules of Governor William Berkeley when he refused to help the settlers against the NA; they also attacked the NA
Barbados Slave Codes
Laws brought to the Carolinas Colony from the West Indies that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied their basic rights
First Great Awakening
A revival of religious feeling in the American colonies from the 1720s-1750s; begun in NE.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639)
This document was the first written constitution in North America. Written by Puritan clergymen.
He was a traveling evangelist who preached in every colony; sometimes up to 100 ppl at a time.
In England, when William & Mary are installed as King & Queen by Parliament in an effort to avoid the return of a Catholic Dynasty to the English throne; a bloodless revolution.
religious-political solution adopted by Puritans, that allowed the children of baptized but unconverted church members to be baptized and thus become church members and have political rights.
The Va. Company's policy of granting 50 acres of land to each settler & to each family member who accompanied him.
Workers brought to the English Colonies by plantation owners, for an agreed upon time period, to work the fields in exchange for their price of passage.
He was considered an early "humanitarian" when he gave many convicted prisoners an opportunity at a 2nd chance in his colony of Georgia.
1st permanent English colony in North America; settled along the James River off of the Chesapeake Bay in 1607.
John Peter Zenger
This was the man accused of unseemly criticism of the Crown and its representatives in the Colonies (Gov.). Trial in which the Freedom of the Press was affirmed (by a colonial court!).
Considered the first "governor" of the Jamestown Colony, his leadership helped the colony survive and eventually earn profits through the growth of tobacco.
King Philip's War
Conflict, 1675-76, between the NE colonists and NA groups allied under the leadership of the Wampanoag chief Metacom.
1st attempt by the English to settle North America; on an island of NC coast; settlers had disappeared when Sir Walter Raleigh returned to bring supplies.
Maryland Act of Toleration (1649)
Requirement of Lord Baltimore protecting all Christian religions' right to practice while in his colony.
The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by 41 men before they actually set foot on North America to set up a government
The leg of the Triangle of Trade that brought Africans to the Americas as slaves.
Series of laws enacted by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to tighten England's control of trade in its American colonies.
The 1st colony in NE, founded in 1621
Young woman of the Powhatan Tribe who is credited with saving John Smith's life; she later marries John Rolfe, travels to England, and dies there.
Poor Richard's Almanac
This publication was considered more popular than the Bible; offering advice, a formal calendar and suggestions on when to plant/harvest crops
Salem Witch Trials
Series of trials held in 1692 that led to the execution of twenty people. The trials are noted for the hysterical atmosphere in which they were conducted; many townspeople were widely suspected on flimsy evidence.
England had allowed the colonies to "rule themselves" in exchange for economic loyalty. As long as America provided raw materials to English manufacturers and bought English goods, Parliament would not supervise the colonies closely.
Transatlantic system in which goods, including Africans, were exchanged between Africa, Europe & the Americas.
A business venture by many middle-class citizens of London meant to encourage settlers to go to the new colony in North America to make some money $$
Virginia House of Burgesses
The first elected Legislative body in America giving colonists the opportunity to control their own government.
He was a Quaker; he was a pacifist; he started the colony of Pennsylvania.
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