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History Unit Test
Terms in this set (30)
The territory of Greek settlements on the coast of Anatolia; the main bone of contention between the Greeks and the Persian Empire.
A military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields
a group of 5 officials that helped govern Sparta with the Concil of Elders
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
A large temple dedicated to the goddess Athena on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. It was built in the 5th century BCE, during the Athenian golden age.
City in Egypt founded by Alexander the Great, center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization
made athenian assembly-law making body, granted some citizenship to some imms. and former slaves. set-up council of 500, introduced Ostracism
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
the marketplace in ancient Greece
an ancient Minoan city on the island of Crete (capital)
Early Greek leader who brought democratic reforms such as his formation of the Council of Four Hundred
the higest mountain in Greece, where the ancient Greeks believed many of their gods and godesses lived
What was Sparta's government and way of life
Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
What happened at Thermopylae?
it is where the Greek soldiers held off the Persian army for 3 days
Who was Herodotus and what did he do?
Greek Historian, considered the father of History. He came from a Greek community in Anatolia and traveled extensively, collecting information in western Asia and the Mediterranean lands.
Plato's ideal society
(1) workers to produce the necessities of life (2) soldiers to defend the state (3) philosophers to rule
Who was Alexander the Great? what did he conquer?
King of Macedonia who conquered Greece, Egypt, and Persia
Alexander the Great created the ....
A period of time when Ancient Greek and Asian cultures mixed
what happened Alexander the Great's death
Civil wars broke out, and were conquered by Rome
Socrates and the unexamined life
he claim is that only in striving to come to know ourselves and to understand ourselves do our lives have any meaning or value.
Who was Thucydides and what did he do?
ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC)
what were the basics of Stoicism?
teaches the development of self-control and fortitude as a means of overcoming destructive emotions.
What was the Persian War?
A series of wars between the Greeks (mainly Athens) and the Persians in which the Greeks were usually victorious.
Spartans were known for their
army, military force
The Athens were known for their....
why did Pericles allow country citizens to move inside the city during the Peloponnesian war?
The Spartans were invading
during the Peloponnesian war what killed 1/3 of the Athens population?
during the Peloponnesian war Sparta became allies with the ________ to defeat Athens
in 404 b.c. the spartans conquered_______ ending the peloponnesian war
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