The psychological specialty that documents the course of social, emotional, moral, and intellectul development over the life span.
Believed that experiencs provided by the environment during childhood have a profound and permanent effect.
Believed that children are capable of discovering how the world operates and how they should behave without instruction from adults.
Natural growth or change that unfolds in a fixed sequence relatively independent of the environment.
Stages of Prenatal Development
Germinal Stage: Zygots divides into cells.
Embryonic Stage: Embryo develops organs.
Fetal Stage:Organs start to function.
Children can understand logical principles that apply to concrete external objects.
Only adolescents and adults can think logically about abstractions, can speculate, and can consider what might or what ought to be.
Information Processing Approach
Describes cognitive activities in terms of how people takt in information, use it, and remember it.
The ability to recognize that the important properties of a substance remain constant despite changes in shape, length, or position.
Secure Attachment: A bit anxious when left alone, happy to see her when mother returns.
Insecure Attachment: Avoidant, Ambivalent
Disorganized: Behavior is inconsistent, disturbed and disturbing.
Does Daycare Harm?
Daycare does not cause insecure attachment, but if it is poor quality, it can worsen home life.
Third to Fifth Year
Initiative Versus Guilt: Children learn to begin activities and enjoy accomplishments.
Integrity Versus Despair: Enter a period of reflection or become sad about unaccomplished goals.
Patterns of work, appearance and behavior that a society associates with being a male or female.
A quality among children to develop normally in spite of severs environmental risk factors.
Preconventional Moral Reasoning
Reasoning that is not based on the conventions or rules that guide social interactions in society.
Conventional Moral Reasoning
Reasoning that reflects the belief that morality consists of following rules and conventions.