US History Unit 1 Exploration & Colonization
Terms in this set (18)
3 G's of Exploration
God, Glory, and Gold; reasons for European exploration
Spanish explorer who fought the Aztecs
Joint Stock Colony
Colony where the government gives the colony land and in turn the colony gives the government gold; Example: Jamestown
Columbian Cultural Exchange
technology and items (sugar, horses) from Europe sent to South America; South American items (potatoes) brought to Europe; Diseases swapped (smallpox to South America; Syphilis to Europe)
Joint stock colony; 1st permanent English settlement
system that granted indentured servants 50 acres of land after service was completed
led by Nathan Bacon; indentured servants rebelled as they were not being granted their land after their service; resulted in decline of indentured servants but increase in slavery
House of Burgesses
1st representative group in colonies; 2 representatives from each city (mini Senate); could veto any governor's laws
semi-democratic document that stated majority ruled on the Mayflower
1st governor of Massachusetts; utopian idealist; famous speech is "City Upon the Hill"
minister from Salem; believed in separation of church and state; argued for good relations with the Natives; banished by John Winthrop; created Rhode Island and offered freedom of speech and religion
resources from New England were sent to Africa; resources from Africa were sent to South America; resources from South America were sent to North America
purpose of the colony is to enrich the mother nation
grants of land like plantations that the Spanish used Native and African slaves to work
Spanish explorers and conquerors
Treaty of Tordesillas
Line that marked where Spain and Portugal could explore and colonize
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
Which the eldest son in a family—inherits all of a dying parent's land.
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