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98 terms

The Integumentary System

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adip/o
fat
albin/o
white
caus/o
burn, burning
cauter/o
heat, burn
cutane/o
skin
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
diaphor/o
profuse sweating
erythem/o
redness
erythemat/o
redness
hidr/o
sweat
ichthy/
oscaly, dry
kerat/o
hard, horny tissue
leuk/o
white
lip/o
fat
steat/o
fat
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
nail
ungu/o
nail
phyt/o
plant
pil/o
hair, hair follicle
py/o
pus
rhythid/o
wrinkle
seb/o
sebum
squam/o
scale-like
trich/o
hair
xanth/o
yellow
xer/o
dry
produces sweat
sweat glands produce watery secretion that evaporates and cools
produces sebum
sebaceous glands produce oily secretion that lubricates skin and hair
receives sensation
pain, temperature, pressure, and touch
thermoregulates
interprets message from heat center in the brain
epidermis
outermost, thin cellular membrane
dermis
next layer; dense fibrous, connective tissue
subcutaneous tissue
(hypodermis) thick, fat-containing tissue
hair
(trich/o) cells filled with the hard protein; keratin
nails
hard keratin plates covering toes and fingers
seb/o
sebaceous
hidr/o
sweat
alopecia
absence of hair where it normally grows
areata
occuring in patches
trichotillomania
disorder characterized by the repeated pulling out of one's own hair
hypertrichosis
is an excessive growth of hair
hirsutism
presence of excessive body & facial hair in women usually occuring in a male pattern
trichopathy
any disease of the hair
ecchymosis
blue-black marks on the skin
petechia
small pinpoint hemorrhage
urticaria
acute allergic reaction with red, round wheals on skin
acne
papular and pustular eruption of skin with increased production of sebum
burns
injury to tissue due to heat, chemical, electric shock, lightning or radiation.
cellulitis
diffuse acute infection of skin
eczema
inflammation of skin with erythematous and papulovesicular lesions caused by allergy
exanthematous viral diseases
rash due to virus (e.g. rubella)
gangrene
death of tissue with loss of blood supply
impetigo
contagious pyodermacaused by staph or strep
psoriasis
chronic recurrent dermatosiswith silver gray scales that itch
scabies
parasitic (tiny mites) and infectious pruritus
scleroderma
chronic and progressive disease of skin with hardening of connective tissue-autoimmune disorder
systemic lupus erythematosus
(SLE) inflammatory disease of collagen in skin, joints, and internal organs
tinea
infection of the skin caused by fungus
tinea corporis
ringworm
tinea unguium
fungal infection of the nails (especially toenails)
vitiligo
loss of pigment in areas of skin
callus
an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)
keloid
overgrowth of scar tissue caused by excessive collagen formation
keratosis
thickened area of epidermis
leukoplakia
white thickened patches on tongue or cheek
nevus/ nevi
pigmented lesion
verrucavulgaris
warts caused by virus
squamous cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium
basal cell carcinoma
most common skin cancer, rarely fatal, but can be disfiguring
The ABCDs of malignant melanoma
Asymmetry; Border, irregular or circumscribed; Color variation; Diameter, usually larger than 6mmC
kaposi sarcoma
malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth characterized by cutaneous nodules
bacterial analyses
pus or fluid samples examined to detect microorganisms
fungal tests
scrapings for culture and microscopic examination after treatment with KOH
cryosurgery
destroy tissue with subzero temperatures using liquid nitrogen
curettage
scrape lesion with sharp curet
electrodesiccation
destroy tissue by burning with electric spark
mohssurgery
remove thin layers of growth to examine under microscope (basal and squamouscell)
skin biopsy
punch and shave to remove for examination in path lab
excisional, frozen, cone, punch, shave
skin test
test reaction of body to allergen with skin test (scratch or patch tests)
sabace/o
...
-algia
pain
-derma
skin
-esis
condition
-lysis
breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening
-ose
full of; pertaining to; sugar
-osis
condition, usually abnormal
-ous
pertaining to
-plakia
plaque
-plasty
surgial repair
-rrhea
flow; discharge
pustule
a small inflamed elevation of skin containing pus
wheal
a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip)
cyst
a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
vesicle
clear fluid, blister
crust (scab)
the crustlike surface of a healing skin lesion