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The Age of Exploration (Ch 2)
Terms in this set (33)
Military expeditions by European Christians into the Middle East to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims.
Relating to ancient Greece and Rome.
A period of intellectual and artistic creativity, around 1300-1600 A.D.
The application of scientific discoveries to practical use.
An instrument used by sailors to observe positions of stars.
A small, fast ship with a broad bow.
Leader of the Kingdom of Mali who spread many cultural aspects of Islam into Africa.
A journey to a holy place.
Henry the Navigator
Portuguese leader of exploration in the 1400s.
The west coast of Africa.
Portuguese explorer who was the first European to sail to the southern tip of Africa (the "Cape of Good Hope").
Vasco Da Gamma
Portuguese explorer who was the first European to sail around the Cape of Good Hope and reach India.
Italian explorer who sailed for Spain and was credited for discovering America.
line of demarcation
An imaginary line running down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean from the North Pole to the South Pole dividing the Americas between Spain and Portugal.
Spanish explorer whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the Earth.
A narrow passageway connecting two larger bodies of water.
To sail around the world.
Spanish explorer in the Americas in the 1500s.
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztecs and founded the colony of New Spain in 1521.
Money paid for protection.
A home or community of homes built by Native Americans.
A religious settlement.
A Spanish fort in the Americas built to protect mission settlements.
A member of the upper class of Spain's empire who had been born in Spain.
A member of the middle class of Spain's empire who had been born in the Americas to Spanish parents.
A member of the lower class of Spain's empire with Spanish and Native American parents.
Spain's system of rewarding conquistadors with tracts of land and the right to tax and demand labor from Native Americans who lived on the land.
A large estate run by an owner of manager and farmed by laborers who lived there.
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of protestant churches.
Leader of the Protestant Reformation.
The economic theory that a state's or nation's power depended on its wealth.
The exchange of goods, ideas, people, and diseases between Europe and the Americas.
A water route to Asia through North America sought by European explorers.
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