Unit 2 Vocabulary - Defining Style

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Symbol
A thing that represents or stands for something larger than itself, especially a material object representing something abstract.
figurative language
uses figures of speech to be more effective, persuasive, and impactful and appeals to the senses of the readers
literal language
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
irony
the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art to provide a picture for the reader
Tone
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
Situational irony
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected
dramatic irony
Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
verbal irony
irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
Biography
story of a person's life written by another person
Autobiography
An account of a person's life written by that person
main idea
The author's central thought; the chief topic of a text expressed or implied in a word or phrase; the topic sentence of a paragraph.
Mood
How the reader feels about the text while reading.
Claim
the writer's position on an issue or problem
Counterclaim
a position taken by someone with an opposing viewpoint
Rhetorical appeals
Rhetorical techniques used to persuade an audience by emphasizing what they find most important or compelling. The three major appeals are to ethos (character), logos (reason), and pathos (emotion).
Logos
an appeal based on logic or reason
Pathos
Appeal based on emotion
Ethos
beliefs or character of a group.
theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
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