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information-processing approach; 3 different memory systems (like computer, remember where stored)
sensory memory ( stage 1)
initial record of sensory information (sensation - hear, smell, touch, see, taste)
conscious repetition of information, to maintain it in STM (keep repeating), to encode it for storage (later for retrieval)
relate new info to old info, more meaningful connection new information to old informative information
motor skills, habits; without conscious recall, examples: riding bike, driving car
nature of remembering
do not store or retrieve exact copies, reconstruct memories from few highlights
remember information not where received, false memories~ activated things that are similar
vivid memory of highly emotional event, easy to recall due to: emotionality, consequentiality, rehearsal
serial position effect
items position in list affects memory, primary effect ~1st items easy, recency effect~last items easy, compared to middle
context dependent memory
recall better when in similar context, state dependent memory(deals with emotions)
Ebbinghaus's Curve of Forgetting
memorized lists and then measured forgetting at different intervals
info never entered LTM (never put into long-term memory, don't rehearse, practice, etc.)
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