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TCI Chapter 14- Labor's Response to Industrialism
Was the rise of industry good for American workers?
Terms in this set (26)
people who work for wages in factories, mills, mines, and other businesses, usually performing manual labor.
division of labor
a method in which factory production is divided into separate tasks, with one task assigned to each worker.
the practice of using children as manual laborers
a group of workers organized to protect the interests of its members
a labor action in which workers refuse to go to work
a political theory that advocates ownership of the means of production, such as factories and farms, by the people rather than by capitalists and landowners.
negotiations between employers and employees concerning wages, working conditions, and other terms of employment.
an 1892 Carnegie Steel plant workers' strike that was broken by the state militia and resulted in the union being shut out of the plant for four decades.
an 1894 railway workers' strike that interfered with the carrying of U.S. mail and was broken by federal troops, weakening the labor movement.
a person who rejects all forms of government
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
location of a fire in 1911 that caused the deaths of 146 female garment factory workers and became a galvanizing moment in organized labor's efforts to obtain improvements in working conditions in American industry
a run-down apartment building; usually housing dozens of people per apartment these cramped buildings were disease ridden, unsanitary, and dangerous
Railroad strikes of 1877
begun in West Virginia in response to cuts in wages, the strike soon spread across the country and was the largest labor uprising in US history; strikers battled police and state militias before President Hayes called in the Army to restore order; more than 100 people were killed and millions of dollar in property was destroyed
a violent clash in 1886 between union supporters and Chicago police that divided and weakened the labor movement
1. continually searched for ways to make better products less expensively
2. hired talented people by offering stock and benefits; encouraged competition
*tryed to control the whole steel industry
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Founded by Samuel Gompers focused on collective bargaining, or negotiation between representatives of labor and management, to reach written agreements on wages, hours, and working conditions - used strikes as a major tactic a national labor organization, founded in 1886.
"to raise the awareness of the poor conditions of workers.
Aim of the "Uprising of 20,000" for Rose Schneiderman,
8 hour work day and higher wages
Focus of labor unions
The Knights of Labor
Aim to recruit more unskilled workers, women, and African-Americans, what was the first Labor Union, founded in 1869 by Terence Powderly
Karl Marx's theory of Socialism advocated
During the strike at the Carnegie Steel plant in Homestead, PA., GM Henry Frick hired group of "mercenaries" to protect the factory
Like the sharecroppers of the American South after slavery, northern industrialists trapped their workers in
Eugene V. Debs
Founder of the American Railway Union and the I.W.W., who ran as a member of the Socialist party for president in five elections
Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
Self-identified as a "Hell-Raiser," heroine of the labor movement fought for the rights of steel workers
Tactic Courts often used to halt "conspiracies in restraint of trade"
For Marshall Field, George Pullman, Phillip Armor, Cyrus McCormick, and other "Titans of Industry," the leaders of the Labor movement
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