21 terms

ch. 8 Social Stratification

SOCI 2110 Society
social inequality
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, or prestige among members of a society
social stratification
a society's system of ranking categories of people in a hierarchy
social class
a category of people who have similar social standing or rank in society
social mobility
change in a position within the social hierarchy
caste system
social stratification based on ascription or birth
closed system
social system with very little opportunity to move from one class to another
class system
stratification based on both birth and meritocracy
social stratification based on personal merit
open system
social system with ample opportunities to move from one class to another
Upper Class
5% of the U.S. population
Middle Class
40-45% of U.S. population
Working Class
30% of U.S. population
Lower Class
20% of U.S. population
status consistency
degree of consistency in a person's social standing across various dimensions of social inequality
cultural beliefs that justify stratification
Davis-Moore Thesis
social stratification is universal because of its functional, even beneficial consequences
Karl Marx
bourgeoisie and proletariat
Max Weber
class status is the product of wealth/class, prestige/status, and power
relative poverty
lack of resources of some people in relation to those who have more
absolute poverty
lack of resources that is life-threatening
Feminization of Poverty
trend of women making up an increasing proportion of the poor