Upgrade to remove ads
APUSH ch 12-15
Terms in this set (68)
Second Great Awakening
Religious revival that began on the frontier and swept eastward, stirring an evangelical spirit in many areas of American life
Mormons Church of Latter-Day Saints
Religious group founded by Joseph Smith that eventually established a cooperative commonwealth in Utah
Memorable 1848 meeting in New York where women made an appeal based on the Declaration of Independence
Philosophical and literary movement, centered in New England, that greatly influenced many American writers of the early 19th century
On the Duty of Civil Disobedience
The doctrine, promoted by American writer Henry David Thoreau in an essay of the same name, that later influenced Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Quietly determined reformer who substantially improved the conditions for the mentally ill
The "Mormon Moses" who led persecuted Latter-Day Saints to their promised land in Utah (took control after Joseph Smith and his brother were killed)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Leading feminist who wrote the "Declaration of Sentiments" in 1848 and pushed for women's suffrage
Quaker women's rights advocate who also strongly supported abolition of slavery
Louisa May Alcott
Novelist whose tales of family life helped economically support her own struggling transcendentalist family
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Second-rate poet and philosopher, but first-rate promoter of transcendentalist ideals and American culture
Edgar Allen Poe
Eccentric southern-born genius whose tales of mystery, suffering, and the supernatural departed from general American literary trends (Dark-Romanticism)
The Second Great Awakening inspired...
A widespread spirit of evangelical reform in many areas of American life
immigrant mechanic who initiated American industrialization by setting up his cotton spinning factory in 1791
inventor of the mechanical reaper that transformed grain growing into a business
Yankee mechanical genius who revolutionized cotton production and created the system of interchangeable parts
Developer of a "folly" that made rivers two-way streams of transportation
Samuel F.B. Morse
Painter turned inventor who devloped the first reliable system for instant communication across distance
the unmarried daughter of a famous preacher and sister of Harriet Beecher Stowe; she urged women to enter into the teaching profession
The transformation of manufacturing that began in Britain about 1750
Americans who protested and sometimes rioted against Roman Catholic immigrants; "know nothing party"
Whitney's invention that enhanced cotton production and gave new life to black slavery
Know Nothing Party
agitators against immigrants and Roman Catholics
Also produced by Eli Whitney, had the idea of having machines make each part so that would be as much alike so you could easily replace it. Became the basis of mass-production and assembly line methods.
stimulated by the desire of the eat to tap the west. steam boats helped but the true rev. came from canals and railroads
Transformed the subsistence economy to a national network of industry and commerce. Raised new legal questions. Marshall believed in protected contract rights by requiring state gov't to grant irrevocable charters. Under Taney there was new entrepreneurial channels and encouraged greater competition.
cult of domesticity
idealized view of women & home; women, self-less caregiver for children, refuge for husbands
War of 1812
(JM), 1812-1815, Resulted from Britain's support of Indian hostilities along the frontier, interference with American trade, and impressments of American sailors into the British army (Leopard on Chesapeake) (1812 - 1815), Embargo Act
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service
Francis Scott Key
A Washington lawyer who watched the all-night battle at Fort McHenry and showed his pride by writing what became the national anthem
James Fennimore Cooper
- One of America's first writers who used American scenes and ideas, he gained popularity in 1820s
(1829-1833) and (1833-1837), Indian removal act, nullification crisis, Old Hickory," first southern/ western president," President for the common man," pet banks, spoils system, specie circular, trail of tears, Henry Clay Flectural Process.
American writer remembered for the stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," contained in The Sketch Book (1819-1820).
..., Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
What group of people opposed the War Hawks and did not want to go war?
Battle of New Orleans
..., Jackson led a battle that occurred when British troops attacked U.S. soldiers in New Orleans on January 8, 1815; the War of 1812 had officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in December, 1814, but word had not yet reached the U.S.
American jurist and politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review.
Treaty of Ghent
December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
Agreement in which Spain gave up all of Florida to the United States
An economic regime pioneered by Henry Clay which created a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building. This approach was intended to allow the United States to grow and prosper by themselves This would eventually help America industrialize and become an economic power.
Era of Good Feelings
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.
1823 - Declared that Europe should not interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere and that any attempt at interference by a European power would be seen as a threat to the U.S. It also declared that a New World colony which has gained independence may not be recolonized by Europe. (It was written at a time when many South American nations were gaining independence). Only England, in particular George Canning, supported the Monroe Doctrine. Mostly just a show of nationalism, the doctrine had no major impact until later in the 1800s.
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Republican Party. These actions were largely viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence
Treaty of 1818
A negotiated treaty between the Monroe administration and England. This treaty came after the War of 1812 to settle disputes between Britain and U.S. It permitted Americans to share Newfoundland fisheries w/ the Canadians, and fixed the vague northern limits of Louisiana from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. It also provided for a 10-year joint occupation of untamed Oregon country. Surprisingly, neither Britain or America had to surrender rights or claims for this to occur.
"Old Hickory" 7th president, believed in the common man and appealed to them, created the Indian Removal Act and Trail of Tears
war hawk, "the great compromiser" ability to appeal to opposing sides, Missouri Compromise, House of Kentucky Speaker, Secretary of State for Adams, creator of American System
John C Calhoun
war hawk, supported state rights, believed in South Carolina's right to nullification or to ignore any law they didn't see as right, part of the whig party, vice president of Adams and then Jackson
John Quincy Adams
drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty (giving Spain to the US in exchange for the US dropping it's claim to Texas) 6th president, served for only one 4 year term- mostly just recieved votes from House of Representatives because he bribed Henry Clay
First original settler of Texas, leader of the Texas settlers, Austin Texas-- named after him
fought for Texas's independence from Mexico and for it to be a part of the united states, first president of the republic of Texas
it had been claimed by the people that Adams bribed Clay to get the House of Representatives to vote for him (Clay was speaker of the house) and in return Adams would let Clay be the secretary of state
tariff of Ambitions
not expected to pass, when it was passed it angered the South because they had to pay more to get manufactured things but recieved nothing in return
trail of tears
the route that the native americans took when relocating themselves West of the Mississippi River
Five civilized tribes
Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles
tribes that were civilized into American life but were later betrayed by the Indian Removal Act
Indian Removal Act
an act that made all Indians that were East of the Mississippi River move to the west side of it, and it was passed by Andrew Jackson
against Jackson, disorganized, emerge in Senate because they don't want Jackson to remove funds from the bank and welcome the market economy
getting rid of a law or making it invalid
this was done by South Carolina in the Tariff of 1828
"Revolution of 1828"
the Election between Jackson and Adams for the second time (thier rematch), Jackson won, leading to two party systems and jacksonian democracy
WHat are the four methods the US Goverment used in dealing with Native Americans
Worcester vs Georgia
the Cherokee the right to tribal sovereignty
extile mill located in a factory town in Massachusetts that employed farm girls who lived in company-owned boardinghouses
Samuel slater, a manufacturing method for a standardized product or products in which fixed capital, raw material, and labor operations are centralized and sophisticated machinery is often used
Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War.
Mormons (Latter Day Saints)
church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah, religious group that emphasized moderation, saving, hard work, and risk-taking; moved from IL to UT
a radical utopian community established in New York, in which complex marriage (free love), male consistence (a form of birth control), and controlled breeding to create a new superior generation, were all practiced. the community lasted for over thirty years because artisans made advanced steel traps and the Oneida Community Plate (made of silver).
the creator of the Mormon religion(Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints). He ran into much opposition and was murdered with his brothers in 1844 by a mob
American Temperance Society
Founded in Boston in 1826 as part of a growing effort of nineteenth century reformers to limit alcohol consumption.
This set is often in folders with...
The Crucible- Quote Identification
Science FInal tri 1
APUSH Chapters 12-15
APUSH 13-15 Test
You might also like...
APUSH Walters Unit 3
United States history to 1877
APUSH Period 4 Vocab
Other sets by this creator
Med Gen Unit 2 Test (lectures 1-3)
Med Gen Unit 2 Test (Lectures 4-6)
Med Gen Unit 2 Test (lectures 1-3)