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AP Literary Terms
Terms in this set (42)
Repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
Reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or another branch of culture. An indirect reference to something (usually from literature)
Calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or a place or thing, or personified abstract idea. if the character is asking a god or goddess for inspiration it is called an invocation.
The process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
The struggle between opposing forces or characters in a story
Two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry
A way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain social group or of the inhabitants of a certain geographical area
a poem of mourning, usually about someone who has died. A Eulogy is great praise or commendation, a laudatory speech, often about someone who has died.
I scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events in a story to pick something that happened at an earlier time.
A character who acts as a contrast to another character. Often a funny sidekick to the dashing hero or a villain contrasting the hero
to use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
Poetry that does not conform to a regular meter or rhyme scheme
A discrepancy between appearances and reality
Is a form of contrast by which writers call attention to dissimilar ideas or images or metaphors
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles
a figure of speech in which a person, place, or thing is referred to by something closely associated with it
An atmosphere created by a writer's diction and imagery, for the reader to experience (often the characters experience this/these feelings as well)
A recurring image that in someway related to the universal insights a work of literature explores
the use of words whose sounds echo their sense. "Pop." "Zap."
A statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth
A work that makes fun of another work by imitating some aspect of the writer style
Poem consisting of four lines or four lines of a pump that can be considered as a unit
A word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated, for affect, several times and a poem.
A rise and fall of a voice produced by the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language
a type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or institutions in an attempt to bring about a change
Long speech made by a character in a play while no other characters are on stage
A feeling of uncertainty and curiosity about what will happen next in a story
A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and then also stands for something more than itself
Figure of speech in which a part represents the whole
The insight about human life that is revealed in a literary work
The attitude of a writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audience, revealed through addiction, figurative language, and organization
An abstract concept that in someway related to the majority of humanity that a literary work focuses on. Universal ideas are single words such as fear, love, justice, vengeance, isolation, conformity, etc.
a specific insight about a universal idea, usually present it as a didactic statement. This is the other specific message in relation to the universal idea.
is one who changes in some important way as a result of the story's action.
has only one or two personality traits. They are one dimensional, like a piece of cardboard. They can be summed up in one phrase.
occurs when someone says one thing but really means something else
takes place when there is a discrepancy between what is expected to happen, or what would be appropriate to happen, and what really does happen.
is so called because it is often used on stage. A character in the play or story thinks one thing is true, but the audience or reader knows better.
First person point of view
one of the characters tells the story
Third person point of view
an unknown narrator, tells the story, but this narrator zooms in to focus on the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
omniscient point of view
an omniscient or all knowing narrator tells the story, also using the third person pronouns. This narrator, instead of focusing on one character only, often tells us everything about many characters.
Objective point of view
a narrator who is totally impersonal and objective tells the story, with no comment on any characters or events.
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