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Terms in this set (72)
1 month-18 months
Factors that influence growth, measurement, and development?
Heredity, nationality/race, gender, and environment
Average newborn weighs ___ to ___ pounds at birth.
6 to 9
Up to a ___% weight loss is normal during the first few days of life.
Weight loss is usually regained by the ___ week of life.
Birth weight is usually ____________ by 5 to 6 months.
Birth weight is usually _______ by one year.
Birth weight ___________ by 2 to 3 years old.
Preschool and school aged children gain ________ pounds per year.
Girls (10-14 years) gain an average of ___________ pounds during puberty.
Boys (11-16 years) gain an average of _____ pounds during puberty.
Average length at birth is _________.
Birth length increases by _____% at end of first year.
Birth length __________ by age 4.
Birth length __________ by age 13.
Normal RR in infants <1 year
Normal RR in toddlers (1-3 years)
Normal RR in preschoolers (3-6 years)
Normal RR in school aged children (6-12 years)
Normal RR in adolescents (12-18 years)
Normal pulse under 28 days old
Normal pulse in infant (1 month-1 year)
Normal pulse in toddler (1-3 years)
Normal pulse in preschoolers (3-6 years)
Normal pulse in school aged children (6-12 years)
Normal pulse in adolescents (12-18 years)
Normal blood pressure in infant (1-12 months)
Normal blood pressure in toddler (1-3 years)
Normal blood pressure in preschool age (3-6 years)
Normal blood pressure in school age (6-12 years)
Normal blood pressure in adolescents (12-18 years)
Sucking and rooting? When should it go away?
Infants born with it, should go away around 6 months, infants should turn their head towards stimulus that touches their cheek or mouth
Tonic neck? When should it go away?
When infant is supine, turn head quickly to one side, extremities on side head is turned to will extend and opposite extremities will flex, should go away after 3-4 months
Moro reflex? When should it go away?
When a sharp noise is made the infant should have sudden extension and abduction of the extremities, should go away around 6 months
What does FLACC stand for?
face, legs, activity, cry, consolability
Gross motor skills for birth to 1 month
Reflexes present, no head control, assumes flexed position, accidentally rolls over, kicks legs and waves arms
Fine motor skills for birth to 1 month
Hands predominantly closed
Cognitive, sensory, and Language in birth to 1 month
Recognizes mothers smell, becomes quiet when hears a familiar voice, limited visual acuity, cries to express needs
Psychosocial and play in birth to 1 month
Uses oral stimulation's to relieve anxiety, begins to trust caregiver
Gross motor skills in 1-2 months
Can slightly lift head off floor when prone, some head control when upright
Fine motor skills in 1-2 months
Holds hands open more, pulls at clothes and blankets, and bats at objects
Cognitive, sensory, and language in 1-2 months
Follows dangling toys when supine, visually searches for sounds, can be consoled more easily when crying, turns head to sounds, coos and has social smiles
Psychosocial and play in 1-2 months
Still relieves anxiety through oral sensations, learns to calm self, may play patty cake or peek a boo with parents
Gross motor skills at 3-8 months
Can hold head more erect, by 6 months has sturdy head control, sits alone by 8 months, can bare weight by 8 months when held in a standing position, rolls from back to side and abdomen to back, puts feet in mouth, begins to creep on hands and knees
Fine motor skills in 3-8 months
Inspects and plays with hands, pulls blanket over face, grasps objects with both hands, shakes rattles, holds bottles, puts objects in mouth, likes mirror images, transfers objects from hand to hand
Cognitive, sensory, and language in 3-8 months
Turns head to locate sounds, beginning hand eye coordination, pursues dropped objects visually, can differentiate between parents voices by 6 months, coos babbles and laughs, may say DaDa by 6 months
Psychosocial and play in 3-8 months
Still uses oral sensations to relieve anxiety, some solitary play, plays with caregivers
Gross motor skills in 9-12 months
Creeps on hands and knees, pulls self up on objects, may creep along objects, may stand alone, may take first steps, can sit from standing position
Fine motor skills in 9-12 months
Uses pincer grasp, hand dominance may be evident, begin to feed self finger foods, can turn book pages, waves bye bye, releases and rescues objects on purpose
Cognitive, sensory, and language in 9-12 months
Moves towards sounds, thoroughly explores and experiences objects, points to single objects, says mama dada and uh-oh, responds to own name, understands some words, points to simple objects, has stranger anxiety
Psychosocial and play in 9-12 months
Able to calm self, increasing play both alone and with caregivers
Gross motor skills in 1-3 years
Stands without support, walks forward and backward, creeps upstairs, pulls toys while walking, jumps in place with both feet, climbs, throws and kicks balls, blows kisses, walks up and down stairs at age 3
Fine motor skills at 1-3 years
Holds pencil or crayons, artwork is more realistic looking, knows colors by age 3, feeds self with a spoon and drinks from a cup by age 3, removes shoes and socks, throws objects on floor, begins potty training around age 3
Cognitive, sensory, and language in 1-3 years
Begins to learn cause and effect, imitates caregivers and parents, can identify geometric objects, starts to have food preferences, follows simple instructions, can say single words and simple phrases
Psychosocial and play in 1-3 years
Starting to learn safety and boundaries, shows affection, plays along other child, may play matching games, bubbles, or coloring
Gross motor skills in 3-6 years
Dresses self, throws catches and kicks balls, stands and hops on one foot, balances on alternate feet with eyes closed, walks down stairs alternating feet
Fine motor skills in 3-6 years
Dresses stick figures, uses scissors by 6, ties shoes by 6, prints letters by 6, can use fork spoon and knife, mostly independent with feeding toileting and dressing by age 6
Cognitive, sensory, and language in 3-6 years
Focus is on self, uses language to express self, concrete and literal thinking, knows address and phone number by 6 years, sings songs, asks "why" a lot
Psychosocial and play in 3-6 years
Learns and starts to follow rules, increased confidence to try new things, differentiates between boys and girls, learning to share
Gross motor skills in 6-12 years
Increasing dexterity, becomes limber, improved coordination, strength, and balance, climbs, bikes, skips, jumps rope, skips, learns to do things like swim and dance
Fine motor skills in 6-12 years
Good hand eye coordination, balance improves, handwriting improves, likes activities that promote dexterity like playing instruments or video games
Cognitive, sensory, and language in 6-12 years
Increased logical thinking and problem solving, wants to know how things work, understands that actions have consequences, can have longer conversations, enjoys jokes, may use profanity
Psychosocial and play in 6-12 years
Increased peer group involvement, mostly same sex friends, increased confidence and self esteem, begins bargaining and compromising
Gross motor skills in 12-18 years
Begins to develop endurance, increased speed accuracy and coordination, begins necessary skills needed for interests like sports and hobbies
Fine motor skills in 12-18 years
Manipulates complicated objects, high skill level with technology, precise hand eye coordination
Cognitive, sensory, and language in 12-18 years
Uses logic to problem solve, can project thoughts long term and make future plans, increased concentration
Psychosocial and play in 12-18 years
Peer group is primary social environment, desires parent involvement but also pushes parents away, begins to explore romance, concentrates on goals and life plans
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