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Unit 1 US History Vocab
Terms in this set (27)
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825); Allowed cotton production to soar
An international movement that between approximately 1780 and 1890 succeeded in condemning slavery as morally repugnant and abolishing it in much of the world; the movement was especially prominent in Britain and the United States.
United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)
Sojourner Truth (1797-1883)
She was born into slavery, but New York State freed her in 1827. She spent the 1840s and 1850s travelling across the country and speaking to audiences about her experiences as slave and asking them to support abolition and women's rights.
the 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.
1846 - 1848 - President Polk declared war on Mexico over the dispute of land in Texas. At the end, American ended up with 55% of Mexico's land.
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people. (Voting)
Compromise of 1850
Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War
Fugitive Slave Act
A law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Supreme Court case that decided US Congress basically slaves would remain slaves in non-slave states and slaves could not sue because they were not citizens
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
Election of 1860
Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics and a number of states seceded from the Union.
Anaconda Plan (1861)
Outline strategy for subduing the seceding states in the American Civil War. Called for BLOCKADE OF SOUTHERN PORTS, AN ADVANCE DOWN THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER TO CUT SOUTH INTO TWO, AND ESSENTIALLY "SUFFOCATED" IT TO SURRENDER
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Reconstruction Act of 1867
laid out the process for readmitting Southern states into the Union.
After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South.
13th Amendment (1865)
Abolishes and prohibits slavery
14th Amendment (1868)
Grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the US"; it forbids any state to deny any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of its laws." Most important law ever passed besides original Constitution and Bill of Rights. It has been the vehicle for the expansion of civil rights, women's rights, among other movements.
15th Amendment (1870)
States cannot deny any male the right to vote because of race.
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states
A derogatory term for Southerners who were working with the North to buy up land from desperate Southerners-Supported Reconstruction
A system that bound laborers into slavery in order to work off a debt to the employer
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction by withdrawing federal troops from Southern states; Ruther B Hayes can only come into power as a Republican, if local power is given to state
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites