35 terms

Ancient India

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Terms in this set (...)

monsoon
strong wind that brings heavy rain to southern Asia in the summer
subcontinent
large landmass that is smaller than a continent
citadel
fortress built to protect a city
drain
pipe that is used to carry away flowing water, often dirty water
granary
place to store grain
Indus valley
location of an early civilization in an Indian river valley that was known for its advanced culture
Mohenjo-Daro
one of the first settlements in ancient India that became a center of the Indus valley civilization
transport
move goods or people from one place to another
Dharma
belief found in Hinduism and other Indian traditions that a person has a duty or obligation to live an honorable life
Hinduism
religion that developed in India over many centuries; traces its roots to older traditions, such as Vedic beliefs and Brahmanism
Karma
belief found in Hinduism and other Indian traditions that the good and evil done in a past life determines the nature of that person's next life
Sanskrit
ancient Indian language
Vedas
collection of ancient writings viewed as sacred by many Hindus
Buddhism
religion founded by Siddhartha, which teaches that life brings suffering that one can escape by seeking nirvana through enlightenment
Eightfold Path
key idea of Buddhism whereby followers should live their lives according to these eight teachings
enlightenment
state of gaining spiritual insight and finding universal truth; goal of Buddhists
Noble Truths
four basic doctrines, or principles, of Buddhism
nirvana
ideal state of happiness and peace
Ashoka
ruler of the Mauryan Empire from about 269 to 232 BCE, whose edicts reflected Buddhist values
edict
command that is obeyed like a law
Mauryan
empire lasting from about 322 to 187 BCE, during which the Mauryan family unified India for the first time
golden age
period of great happiness, prosperity, and achievement
mathematics
study of numbers
philosophy
theory or set of values by which one lives; search for wisdom and knowledge
province
territory that is part of a country or an empire
Buddha
Awakened One; man who lived in India from about 563 to 483 BCE; named Siddhartha Gautama
caste
class, or group, in Hindu society
divine
heavenly or god-like
reincarnation
belief that a person's soul is reborn into a new body after death
Gupta
empire covering much of northern India that was ruled by the Guptas from around 320 - 550 CE
Brahma
A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.
Indus River
river that deposited silt allowing two ancient civilizations to develop on its banks (Harrapa & Mohenjo-Daro)
Ganges River
Located in India, this river is considered sacred to Hindus and is used for spiritual cleansing, funeral rites, and other Hindu rituals.
Tripitaka
Buddhism holy text/ original teachings
Siddhartha Gautama
Founder of Buddhism

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