Physical Therapy

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Terms in this set (...)

anatomical position
standing erect, facing forward, upper limbs at the sides, palms facing forward
sagittal (median) plane
divides the body into right and left portions
coronal (frontal) plane
divides body into front and back
transverse plane (horizontal plane)
divides body into top and bottom halves
superior (cephalic, cranial)
toward the head or upper part of a structure
Inferior (caudal)
towards the feet or lower part of the body
aneterior/ventral
toward the front side of the body
Posterior (dorsal)
toward the back of the body
medial
closer to the midline
Proximal
closer to the trunk or point origin
Distal
Farther from the trunk of the body
superficial
toward the body surface
deep
further inward or away from the surface of the body
Supline
lying face up
prone
lying face down
Flexion
Decreases the angle of a joint
extension
increases the angle of a joint
Hyperextension
extension beyond anatomical position
internal rotation
Rotation of a joint toward the middle of the body.
external rotation
Rotation of a joint away from the middle of the body.
Pronation
internal rotation of hands and feet
Supination
external rotation of hands and feet
dorsflexion
bringing foot upwards
plantarflexion
bringing foot downwards
erect
refers to the normal standing position with palms facing body
bilateral
both sides
Unlitateral
only one side
contralateral
opposite side
ipsilateral
same side
fowler's position
on back, head of bed raised about 18 inches and knees elevated
Left lateral recumbenct
positioned on the left side of body with right knee drawn up or bent
Trendelenburg position
positioned on back with head lowered by tilting back at 45 degrees