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30 terms

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Marco Polo
Merchant who found a trade route to Asia
Silk Road
network of trade routes that transport goods from Europe to Asia
What was transported on the Silk Road?
spices, cloth,silk, paper, dye, salt, jewels, gold, silver, weapons
How long did it take to cross the Silk Road?
About half a year
Books in 1200s-1300s
Books were very valuable. Only the rich could afford books. Books were hand-written and copied by hand. Only 5% of the population could read and write.
Feudal System
kings-ruled and owned everything
lords-managed and gave land
knights-protected land
serfs-worked and only had one right (protection)
Middle Ages
500s-1500s
Merchant
people who buy and sell goods
expedition
purposeful journeys
manor
where kings and lords lived
castle
where people went in times of danger or war
spices
preserved foods
trade fairs
goods-all the newest stuff+only lasts for a few weeks
cloth
silk, cotton
ideas/medicine
math, astrology, Aristotle, geometry, architecture
banking/currency
paper money; coins were heavy and easy to steal; promise notes
Songhai
controlled gold and salt
Timbuktu
city of Songhai located between the salt and gold mines
line graph
relates to different things
pie graph
relates to one thing
Money changers
business that started in the middle ages
serf
merchant/artisan- artisans to escape awful lives
caravans
traveled to and from the east to trade fairs
Sunni Ali
Emperor of Songhai
salt
preserved meat and vegetables. very valuable. sometimes used as money
navigation
the science of determining a ship's sailing direction and location
caravel
70 feet long. Easily steered. can carry large amounts of cargo. Had 3 masts. Had tall poles to hang masts. Could raise, slant, lower sails to sail with the wind. Had a rudder. Built wider and bigger than most ships
Prince Henry
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established a school for sailers
Bartolomeu Dias
(1450-1500) Portuguese ship captain who reached the Cape of Good Hope
Vasco de Gama
(1460-1524) Portuguese navigator who was the first European to sail from Europe to Asia