5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Pax Romana
- Dark Ages
- a the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Since it was established by Caesar Augustus it is sometimes called Pax Augusta. Its span was approximately 207 years (27 BC to 180 AD).
- b When Carthage asked for peace, Romans made them pay an indemity and surrender this island to them
- c was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia; collection of biographies of Greeks and Romans - source of Shakespeare's play)
- d a term referring to the perceived period of both cultural and economic deterioration as well as disruption that took place in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire
- e served in the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic; Each year, two were elected together, to serve for a one-year term. Each was given veto power over his colleague and the officials would alternate each month
5 Multiple choice questions
- an infantry unit consisting of heavily armed soldiers, equiped with shields, armor, helmets, spears and swords. In the early republic, the strength was about 6,000 men units
- Roman poet who wrote Aenid, a Roman sequal to Iliad of Homer
- was a Roman politician and general; was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium, and in a brief land battle at Alexandria. He and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide shortly thereafter. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's transformation from Republic to Empire.
- rival in the Mediterranean basin to Rome in the last centuries BC before ultimate defeat
- Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He is best-known for building the weall which marked the northern limit of Roman territory in Britain; built the Pantheon and the Temple of Venus and Roma. In addition to being emperor, is also a notable Stoic and Epicurean philosopher. A member of the gens Aelia, Hadrian was the third of the so-called Five Good Emperors.
5 True/False questions
Constantine → the imperial capital of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine/Eastern Roman Empire, the Latin Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Throughout most of the Middle Ages, Constantinople was Europe's largest and wealthiest city.
Dome of the Rock → great edifice erected by Muslims in Jerusalem in the late 17th century, has been used by 3 religions as a secrad place of worship; supposedly Muhammed ascended into heaven from this spot
Justinian → ruled during the greatest period of the Eastern Roman Empire; During his reign, he sought to revive the empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the classical Roman Empire; last emperor to speak Latin as a first language
tribunes → the unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three persons in one Godhead; The doctrine, one of the most important for Christians
Diocletian → became emporer in 284 AD; reorganized the empire, made 2 parts & co-emporer; ruled the more prosperous Eastern half; drove out invaders & established order; issued first government price ceilings in attempt to revive economy; also increased taxes