5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Roman Catholic Church
- a famous for victories Caesar''s army had here; was a region of Western Europe encompassing present day France, Luxembourg and Belgium, most of Switzerland, the western part of Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the left bank of the Rhine.
- b strong in the West; around 500 AD Clovis, warrior king of the Franks converted to Catholic Christianity
- c city served as the capital city of the classical (330-395), "Byzantine" (395-1204 & 1261-1453), and "Latin" (1204-1261) Roman Empires
- d was a deliberative body which was important in the government of both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. The word is derived from the Latin word senex ("old man" or "elder"); it is understood to mean something along the lines of "council of elders".
- e was the last person to rule Ancient Egypt as an Egyptian pharaoh; was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, and therefore a descendant of one of Alexander the Great's generals who had seized control over Egypt after Alexander's death
5 Multiple choice questions
- was a Roman politician and general; was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium, and in a brief land battle at Alexandria. He and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide shortly thereafter. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's transformation from Republic to Empire.
- the Phoenician dialect of ancient Carthage
- somebody who suffers persecution and death for the people, a country or an organization, or refusing to renounce a belief, usually religious, political or rights.
- ruled during the greatest period of the Eastern Roman Empire; During his reign, he sought to revive the empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the classical Roman Empire; last emperor to speak Latin as a first language
- is Europe's second longest river after the Volga; Known as one of the long-standing frontiers of the Roman Empire; rlows through or acts as part of the borders of ten countries
5 True/False questions
Carthage → rival in the Mediterranean basin to Rome in the last centuries BC before ultimate defeat
consuls → served in the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic; Each year, two were elected together, to serve for a one-year term. Each was given veto power over his colleague and the officials would alternate each month
Constantinople → the imperial capital of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine/Eastern Roman Empire, the Latin Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Throughout most of the Middle Ages, Constantinople was Europe's largest and wealthiest city.
Rubicon River → was the king of the gods, and the god of sky and thunder. He is the equivalent of Zeus, in the Greek pantheon; As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he ruled over laws and social order
Venus → most important spirit; spirit of hearth and fire, protector of the family