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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Hadrian's Wall
  2. Istanbul
  3. Carthage
  4. Virgil
  5. consuls
  1. a served in the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic; Each year, two were elected together, to serve for a one-year term. Each was given veto power over his colleague and the officials would alternate each month
  2. b Roman poet who wrote Aenid, a Roman sequal to Iliad of Homer
  3. c city served as the capital city of the classical (330-395), "Byzantine" (395-1204 & 1261-1453), and "Latin" (1204-1261) Roman Empires
  4. d rival in the Mediterranean basin to Rome in the last centuries BC before ultimate defeat
  5. e fortification built in Britian designed to hold the ancestors of the Scots back

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. was a Roman politician and general; was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium, and in a brief land battle at Alexandria. He and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide shortly thereafter. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's transformation from Republic to Empire.
  2. was a treaty of the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious, the son and successor of Charlemagne, which divided the territories of the Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms; established the peace; one of the most important treaties in world history-general borders it established still exist today
  3. somebody who suffers persecution and death for the people, a country or an organization, or refusing to renounce a belief, usually religious, political or rights.
  4. chief officers of the plebeians; representatives of the various tribes; they had the power to speak and act in the name of the common Romans
  5. was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia; collection of biographies of Greeks and Romans - source of Shakespeare's play)

5 True/False questions

  1. Twelve Tablesthe first written Roman law code; established c 450 BCE


  2. Venuswas a Roman goddess principally associated with love, beauty and fertility, who played a key role in many Roman religious festivals and myths


  3. Cleopatramost important spirit; spirit of hearth and fire, protector of the family


  4. Byzantine Empirethe continuation of the Roman imperium in its eastern provinces until its fall to the Muslim Turks in 1453


  5. Julius Caesarwas a Roman general and statesman; played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.