Saha - Age of Discovery & Slavery Vocab
Use these to study for the quiz over the vocabulary from Chapter 16 & 20.
Terms in this set (29)
Henry the Navigator
Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa.
Cape of Good Hope
The southern tip of Africa
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese navigator who sailed around the Cape Of Good Hope and reached the west coast of India in search of spices.
Italian hired by Spain (King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella) tried to find west route to Indies but "discovered" New World
A Portuguese-born navigator, hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in 1519. He was killed in the Philippines, but one of his ships returned to Spain, thereby completing the first circumnavigation of the globe.
Dutch East India Company
Established by the Netherlands to help direct trade throughout Asia
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during the period of imperialism. This company controlled the political, social, and economic life and also the spice trade in the East Indies for more than 200 years.
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought.
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestry.
A person of mixed African and European ancestry. (p. 130)
Vasco de Balboa
Spanish explorer who discovered Panama
Conquered the Incas
Conquered the Aztecs
Seven Years War
Worldwide struggle between France and Great Britain for power and control of land
Dutch colony established at Cape of Good Hope in 1652 initially to provide a coastal station for the Dutch seaborne empire
Dutch settlers in south Africa
Portuguese trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; utilized throughout Portuguese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce.
important Portuguese factory on the coast of modern Ghana.
King of Kongo south of Zaire River from 1507 to 1543; converted to Christianity and took title Alfonso I; under Portuguese influence attempted to Christianize all of kingdom.
Royal African Company
A trading company chartered by the English government in 1672 to conduct its merchants' trade on the Atlantic coast of Africa.
the transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in the Americas
African kingdom on the Gold Coast that expanded rapidly after 1680. A major participant in the Atlantic economy, trading gold, slaves, and ivory. It resisted British imperial ambitions for a quarter century before being absorbed into Britain.
Important ruler who began centralization and expansion of Asante
Title taken by ruler of Asante Empire; supreme civil and religious leader; authority symbolized by golden stool.
Beninese state that used slave proceeds to buy guns
Pastoral people of western Sudan; adopted purifying Sufi variant of Islam
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies.
Slaves transported from Africa (African-born); almost invariably black
American-born slaves; some of whom were mulattos
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