sociology exam 2
Terms in this set (38)
The division of a society into groups arranged in a social hierarchy is called:
The unequal distribution of wealth, power, and prestige in society is called
If someone tells you that you are "middle class," they would be describing your
.2 out of 2 points
Correct A woman who works on an assembly line on the floor of a factory has a
A man who has his Ph.D. in sociology, yet continues to work as a cashier at a retail store, is an example of
Who was the theorist who said that a major source of conflict in society was the result of the inequality that existed between workers and owners?
Weber would argue that a person who belongs to an exclusive country club would belong to a higher social class due to that membership's
If your parents own a small restaurant, and you work there until they retire, and then take over the business, what term will describe your social class status?
A student with highly educated parents who pass that value of education on to her is an example of that student acquiring what Bourdieu called
If you start out at your job as a janitor, but retire as the vice president of operations, you would likely have experienced:
A person from a lower socioeconomic status who is unaware of a job opening that is only posted on the Internet is an example of the impact of __________ on social mobility
the digital divide
When a woman marries a man who is similar to her in education level and social class background she is practicing:
Because social mobility is possible in the United States, the country is considered to be
an open system.
If you are a first-generation college student (your parents did not attend college), you're likely to get more education, and earn a higher paying job than they could. In that case, you'll experience
During the Great Depression, large numbers of people dropped down in social class standing. This is an example of
A single mother living on the streets with her two young children who does not have the means to provide adequate food and shelter for her family is experiencing:
The belief that entrenched attitudes can develop among poor communities and lead the poor to accept their fate is called:
the culture of poverty thesis.
If you live in a city where you can look at a map and show that the "rich" areas and the "poor" areas are clearly isolated from one another, you're demonstrating
The American Dream legitimizes social stratification by reinforcing the idea that:
everyone has the same chance to succeed and success or failure is completely determined by the individual person.
race and ethnicity?
The meanings attached to race and ethnicity are created, maintained, and modified over time through social processes
you're placed in a social category based on real or perceived differences between you and others who aren't in your group, you've been classified by
A socially defined category based on common language, religion, nationality, history, or another cultural factor is called
The Amish would be considered:
an ethnic group.
The celebration of St. Patrick's day, including eating traditional Irish foods, would be an example of
If you are Irish, it might be easy to conceal that from people However, you're at a job interview, and the boss mentions that she's Irish. Suddenly, it becomes very useful for you to mention that you are, too-now you have something in common! What term best describes what happened?
What is the key distinction between symbolic ethnicity and situational ethnicity
Situational ethnicity involves a cost-benefit analysis that symbolic ethnicity does not.
According to sociologists, what is a minority group?
a group that is systematically denied the same access to power and resources available to the dominant group
The unequal treatment of individuals because of their social group is called
A college professor who assigns a student a lower grade than she earned simply because of that student's race is guilty of:
A fitness club that does not allow any Asian members is guilty of
Which sociological theory would suggest that the race relations in the United States have developed as a result of group cohesion?
Which of the following is true concerning conflict theory and the study of race in the United States?
Conflict theory explains how prejudice and discrimination develop by focusing on the differences in power and economic resources of ethnic groups
If a light-skinned African American woman tells people that she is white in order to avoid the consequences of being black in a racist society, she would be practicing:
Which of the following groups has the shortest life expectancy
African American men
In the early nineteenth century, the U.S. government forced Native Americans to move onto reservations. This is an example of:
If you saw a sign that directed Whites to sit in one section of a restaurant while African Americans were directed to sit in another section, and this rule was enforced by a law, this would be called:
What process is the central idea behind America's "melting pot"?
The pattern of intergroup relations that encourages racial and ethnic variation within a society is called: