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NASM Practice Final Exam
Get Quizlet's official NASM - 1 term, 1 practice question, 1 full practice test
Terms in this set (100)
A lower crossed syndrome is characterized by:
an anterior tilt to the pelvis
In which case should the medicine ball rotation pass be avoided?
when the client has potential back problems
The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) is primarily aimed at identifying an individual's?
level of risk for Cardiovascular disease
What is true of the Body Mass Index (BMI)?
the risk of chronic disease increases in proportion to the rise in BMI in both adults and adolescents
What is the effect of beta-blockers on the heart?
they decrease the heart rate
While performing a cable lift exercise, hannah begins to experience difficulty and pain. In this case, what should the fitness professional ask her to do?
regress to the resistance band lift
During a static postural assessment, a personal trainer observes that a client has protracted shoulders and a forward head. Which of the following muscles would he expect to be shortened?
Sternocleidomastoid and pectoralis major
_______ Services are similar and share a beneficial relationship with other service offerings
In the endocrine system, what secretes hormones such as corticosteroids and catecholamines in response to stress?
According to the Optimum Performance Training (OPT) model, which of the following corresponds to the first phase of training?
Stabilization endurance training
Which of the following is part of the subjective information gathered in a fitness assessment?
Which of the following is true of stage III of a stage training exercise program?
The warm up phase for clients with a heart rate between 65 and 75 is about 10 minutes
The second exercise during Strength Endurance Training is a stabilization exercise in a controllable environment that challenges the stabilization muscles in order to increase one's ability to maintain what?
What statement is true of the strength level of reactive training?
Exercises in this level require great specificity, speed, and neural demand
Mark performs a whole body vibration exercise that focuses on the Gluteus Maximus, Quadriceps, and Erector Spinae. He has no previous history of back or shoulder problems. However, with time, he begins to complain of pain in the neck and middle back regions. Which is most likely to have led to his discomfort?
Looking up during the exercise
Which method uses a percentage of a client's estimated maximal heart rate to calculate target heart rate?
Peak maximal heart rate
Identify a feature of the exercises in the power level of reactive training
The help improve dynamic neuromuscular efficiency
What scenario best demonstrates a trainer's skills at encouraging a client to practice self-monitoring?
have a client keep an exercise log on a calendar to keep him motivated
Identify the method used to estimate the amount of subcutaneous fat beneath the skin
When an individual performs chest presses, the range of motion at the shoulder joint is determined by the load he is lifting and the?
What is Blood Pressure?
It is the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels
Identify a characteristic of muscle spindles
They are sensitive to change in the length of muscles and the rate of that change
An Aspiring Fitness Trainer's first goal is to:
obtain a certification from a recognized and accredited organization
Identify a goal of Maximum Strength Training
To improve peak force
What kind of trait changes over time?
The belief in one's ability to succeed in a specific situation is termed:
While attempting butt kick, a reactive stabilization exercise, an individual should avoid:
arching the lower back
When foam-rolling the hip flexor, which of the following actions is most likely to increase compression into the low back?
Placing the hips on the ground
What refers to a position on the same side of the body?
Which is the preferred pulse point to record a person's heart rate?
What is produced primarily in the ovaries in the female and gives rise to female secondary sexual characteristics
In order to develop maximum strength or power, training will require?
a series of exercises, one after the other, with minimal rest periods in between
Low volume training with high intensity produces an?
increased rate of force production
The science concerned with the internal and external forces acting on the human body and the effects produced by these forces is known as?
Exercises help establish optimal landing mechanics in the ________ level of reactive training
Credibility can be obtained by ?
being a role model
What is true of the interval sessions in a stage training exercise program
It should ideally be in the work-to-rest rate of 1:3
While performing cable rotation, in order to decrease stress to the low back, it is important to pivot the back leg into triple extension= hip extension, knee extension, and?
Jenna is an active member of a fitness club who regularly attends her fitness program. However, she has a 3 week long trip to another city, which will disrupt her exercise schedule. In order to maintain her progress at the fitness club, she decides to stay at a hotel with a gym. Which strategy has Jenna utilized?
Which of the following muscles does the single-leg balance engage?
Miguel is a 20-yr-old client with a desires training intensity of 50% of his maximal heart rate. He has a resting HR of 35 bpm. Calculate his target HR
A client is performing a standard push-up and the trainer notes a low-back arch. What muscle is most likely weak or under-active?
Why should fitness professionals set a session plan before beginning training sessions for clients
It helps fitness professionals keep track of a client when they have several clients
What is a benefit of performing self-myofascial release after a workout?
It helps to speed up recovery
While performing a squat, lowering the body towards the ground is considered an ______ if the muscle
The knees in a squat should ?
Track in line with the 2nd and 3rd toes
What is the preferred method to measure maximal oxygen consumption?
The submaximal exercise test
What is the correct order for the stage of change model?
A squat jump with stabilization exercise requires a client to hold the landing position for about?
What is the imaginary bisector that divides the body into front and back halves/?
The frontal plane
The study of personality, values, opinions, attitudes, interests, and lifestyles is called?
Identify the purpose of stretch-shortening cycles
To produce the necessary force to change the direction of an object's center of mass efficiently
Bracing is referred to as a____ of global muscles, such as the rectus abdominis, external obliques, and quadratus lumborum
Statistical data relation to the population and particular groups in it is called?
What is an example of a strength exercise during resistance training workouts
Measuring a client's resting heart rate by lightly placing two fingers along the lateral side of the arm in line and just above the thumb is an example of recording a client's?
What is the best example of performing an exercise in a proprioceptively enriched environment?
Dumbell chest press on stability ball
Exercises involve little motion through the spine and pelvis in what kind of training?
High-volume training with low intensity produces an?
increased metabolic rate
The highest rate of oxygen transport and utilization achieved at maximal physical exertion is called?
maximal oxygen consumption
Large scale facilities typically have?
Operations activities are those that?
Do NOT directly generate revenue
What is a function of the respiratory system?
Bringing oxygen into the lungs and removing carbon dioxide from the lungs
The training strategy for Strength Endurance Training involves using?
How long does pressure need to be held on the tender spot while using self-myofascial release?
30 seconds minimum
In the human body, the ankle is more_____ to the hip than the knee
An eccentric motion is synonymous with?
What scenario illustrates high self-efficacy?
An individual adheres to his or her exercise regimen regardless of the temptation
A certified personal trainer is working for two weeks on a cruise ship as a guest instructor. According to the Code of Professional Conduct, which of the following clients is the pt allowed to train?
A 60 yr old man who has cardiac arrhythmia, a written medical clearance to exercise, and prescribed restrictions on which exercises to avoid
Bracing occurs when a person contracts the abdominal, ________, and buttock muscles at the same time
Which if the following constitutes the local stabilization system?
Type I muscle fibers
Which of the following is most likely to happen in the first 30 minutes of the initial session of behavioral coaching?
Talking and getting to know a clients needs and goals
Reactive training improves neuromuscular efficiency and improves the range of speed set by set by the?
Central nervous system
Body Mass Index is a quick and easy method to determine?
Whether a client's weight is appropriate for his or her height
What is the small chamber located superiorly on either side of the heart that gathers blood returning to the heart?
Which of the following is considered a subjective assessment?
What is part of the objective information collected in a fitness assessment
What system is responsible for generating the internal tension that manipulates the bones of the body to produce movements
Ice skating is an example of a ?
reactive-power stabilization exercise
When performing a _________, the resistance must be placed in such a way to resist elbow extension
standing triceps extension
Landing behind the ball of the foot while performing power exercises would?
ensure proper force distribution through the foot and lower extremity
While pressing overhead during a Multiplanar step-up Balance, to overhead press exercise for body stabilization, it is important to make sure that the low back does not arch as it may indicate weakness of the intrinsic core stabilizers and tightness of what muscle?
What is the process of getting oxygen from the environment to the tissues of the body?
What is true of the Valsalva maneuver?
It refers to the maneuver in which a person attempts to exhale forcibly through closed glottis
When performing the single-leg dumbbell scaption, what is the immediate regression?
What is the movement of the arm or thigh in the traverse plane from a lateral position to an anterior position when the joint is in an anteriorly flexed position
Recertification requires that the fitness professional obtain how many CEUs every 2 years
Multiplaner step-up to balance is an example of a?
The cumulative sensory input to the central nervous system from all mechanoreceptors that sense the body position and limb movement is called
A new client tells the PT that although he exercises occasionally, he is now ready to try a different approach to become a regular exerciser. This in an example of which section of the Stages of Change Model?
What can also be used to determine training intensities of the bench press?
upper extremity strength assessment
What is the preferred pule point to record a person's HR
A barrier to establishing rapport is?
What should be ensured when training a client who is a beginner?
They should be given moderate-intensity activities
In the context of selecting an appropriate speed of movement during training, muscular endurance and stabilization is best developed with a?
slow repetition tempo
What is a regression of the two-leg, alternating-arm standing cable row exercise?
Seated cable row exercise
An individual exercises regularly, but has not yet maintained the behavior for 6 months. What section of the Stages of Change model is this individual in?
What is a similarity between association and dissociation strategies during exercise?
Both allow clients to shift their focus during exercise
The focus in the Stage II of stage training is on?
Increasing the workload of an exercise activity
John is performing static stretching on his calf muscles. During the stretch, however, He feels tension in his calf muscles. Identify the action during the procedure that is most likely to have caused the muscle tension in his calf muscles
He let his heel hang off a step
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