22 terms

Figurative Language & Rhetorical Devices

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simile
an explicit comparison (using like or as)
synecdoche
substituting a part for a whole or a whole for a part
metonymy
substituting the name of something for its attribute or whatever it is associated with
periphrasis
substituting a descriptive phrase, made up of a concrete adjective and abstract noun, for a precise word
personification
attributing animation to something inanimate; treating a thing or abstract quality as though it were a person
oxymoron
deliberate combination of seemingly contradictory words
onomatopoeia
the concordance of sounds and meaning
assonance
recurrent vowel sounds
alliteration
recurrent consonant sounds, frequently but not exclusively at beginning of words
pun
deliberate confusion of words based upon similarity of sound
malapropism
unconscious pun
wordplay
a serious pun
paronomasia
wordplay based upon similar rather than identical sounds
alliteration
the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables
assonance
a resemblance of sound in words or syllables
cliche
a word or phrase that has become overall familiar or commonplace
hyperbole
big exaggeration, usually with humor
idiom
an expression in which the meaning is not literal, language phrases peculiar to a group
metaphor
comparing two things by using one kind of object or using in place of another to suggest the likeness between them
onomatopoeia
naming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it
personification
giving something human qualities
simile
a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as
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