Unit 1, Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Pangaea
large, ancient landmass that was composed of all the continents joined together
geography
Study of the earth and its people
continents
One of the large 7 land masses of the earth: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.
landform
a natural feature of the earth's surface.
5 themes of geography
Location, Place, Human-Environment Interaction, Movement, Region
Two types of location
absolute and relative
globe
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
map
A flat representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.
Longitude
Distance east or west of the prime meridian
Latitude
Distance north or south of the equator
hemisphere
half of the earth
political map
shows features made my people such as cities, states, territories, and countries.
physical map
A map that shows mountains, hills, plains, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc.
thematic map
a map that shows a particular theme, or topic such as climate or population
archeologist
an expert who studies the past by examining objects that people have left behind
artifact
an object made by a human being
Fossil
remains of early life preserved in the ground or rock
Hominids
humans and other creatures that walk upright on two feet
Who was Lucy? Why was she important?
An female australopithecine whose skelton is about forty percent complete. When she was discovered she was the oldest hominid found. She is over 3.5 million years old
Paleolithic Age
(750,000 BCE - 10,000 B.C.E.) Old Stone Age. A period of human history characterized by the use of stone tools and the use of hunting and gathering as a food source.
Mesolithic Era
the middle part of the Stone Age; marked by the creation of smaller and more complex tools. Began to control fire and develop language.
Neolithic Age
"New Stone Age"; About 10,000 years ago. Humans began to turn from hunting and gathering to agriculture.
primary source
A document or physical object which was written or created by a person who witnessed a historical event. Examples are letters, photographs, speeches, and diaries.
What is a secondary source?
A secondhand account of an event or a retelling of another person's observations written by someone who did not witness or actually participate in the events. Examples include encyclopedias, textbooks, and reviews.
The Rosetta Stone allowed us to do what
Decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics
Is the Rosetta Stone a primary source?
Yes
oral history
accounts of the past that people pass down by word of mouth from generation to generation

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
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