Unit 1, Chapter 1


Terms in this set (...)

large, ancient landmass that was composed of all the continents joined together
Study of the earth and its people
One of the large 7 land masses of the earth: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.
a natural feature of the earth's surface.
5 themes of geography
Location, Place, Human-Environment Interaction, Movement, Region
Two types of location
absolute and relative
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
A flat representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.
Distance east or west of the prime meridian
Distance north or south of the equator
half of the earth
political map
shows features made my people such as cities, states, territories, and countries.
physical map
A map that shows mountains, hills, plains, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc.
thematic map
a map that shows a particular theme, or topic such as climate or population
an expert who studies the past by examining objects that people have left behind
an object made by a human being
remains of early life preserved in the ground or rock
humans and other creatures that walk upright on two feet
Who was Lucy? Why was she important?
An female australopithecine whose skelton is about forty percent complete. When she was discovered she was the oldest hominid found. She is over 3.5 million years old
Paleolithic Age
(750,000 BCE - 10,000 B.C.E.) Old Stone Age. A period of human history characterized by the use of stone tools and the use of hunting and gathering as a food source.
Mesolithic Era
the middle part of the Stone Age; marked by the creation of smaller and more complex tools. Began to control fire and develop language.
Neolithic Age
"New Stone Age"; About 10,000 years ago. Humans began to turn from hunting and gathering to agriculture.
primary source
A document or physical object which was written or created by a person who witnessed a historical event. Examples are letters, photographs, speeches, and diaries.
What is a secondary source?
A secondhand account of an event or a retelling of another person's observations written by someone who did not witness or actually participate in the events. Examples include encyclopedias, textbooks, and reviews.
The Rosetta Stone allowed us to do what
Decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics
Is the Rosetta Stone a primary source?
oral history
accounts of the past that people pass down by word of mouth from generation to generation

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