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Biology Chapter 6 Meiosis and Mendel Vocabulary
Terms in this set (30)
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
Haploid reproductive cells
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have the same structure, and that pair during meiosis.
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number.
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
Male sex cell
Female sex cell
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes.
Scientific study of heredity
An organism that always produces offspring with the same form of a trait as the parent., An organism that has 2 of the same alleles for a trait
The deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
An alternative form of a gene.
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organism's chromosomes.
An organism's genetic makeup
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another form of that trait.
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles that can result from a genetic cross
A cross between two individuals, concentrating on only one definable trait
A cross between two individuals, concentrating on two definable traits
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromatids during meiosis.
tendency for genes located close together on the same chromosome to be inherited together
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