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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Revolution to Constitution Weeks 3-6
Terms in this set (70)
The name of the meetings that took place in 1754 by the colonists across the Americas to discuss Indian attacks and what to do about them?
Albany Plan of Union
This plan was introduced by Benjamin Franklin but was not approved. It was a plan to create a continental army to deal with Indian attacks. Its rejection by the colonists showed that they were not unified. What was the name of the plan?
Albany Plan of Union
The importance of this plan was symbolized by a political cartoon depicting a segmented snake. It meant that if the colonists did not unify and become united they would be destroyed. Name the plan.
Battle of Saratoga
What is the name of the victory by the colonists that gave the French the confidence to support the colonists in the war against the British?
Battle of Yorktown
What is the name the battle where the British Surrendered during the American Revolution?
He is one of the Founding Fathers. He is a symbol of SOCIAL MOBILITY as he successfully moved between economic classes. He was also an ambassador to France. He constsantly strived to better himself through rugged individualism. Who is he?
Parliamentary sovereignty, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts, Lexington & Concord, Declaration of Independence
List and name the eight major timeline events that started the Revolutionary War. Start with the beginning of parliamentary sovereignty and end with the Declaration of Independence.
Name the clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in 1770 in which five of the colonists were killed. The colonists threw snowballs and oyster shells at the soldiers.
Boston Tea party
Name the dumping of 18,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor by colonists in 1773 to protest the Tea Act.
Which colonizer in the America's did not get along with the Indians because they continued to compete with the Indians for control of land? This land was often referred to as the backcountry.
He was a British general who fought in the Seven Years War. We remember him as the general that surrendered to Washington at Yorktown ending the Revolutionary War. Who is he?
Coastline or port city
Where did most of the loyalists live during the Revolution?
Britain and France went to war three times from 1690-1750 mostly due to the effects of mercantilism and competition for trade. These wars meant that these people would end up fighting each other as well?
In 1754 William Pitt, who was the Prime Minister of England, wrote a "blank check" to win the French and Indian war. This "blank check" meant that Britain would gain a massive amount of debt. Who would Britain later expect to pay off this debt?
Committees of correspondence
Name for the committees formed to organize communication between the colonists in to order oppose the British during the revolutionary times.
A small pamphlet published by Thomas Paine which had a big effect on colonists and moved many Americans to support independence from Great Britain.
This document was written in 1776 and argued that the Atlantic Ocean was too wide to allow Britain to rule America as well as an American government could. It also stated that it was foolish to think an island could rule a continent. Finally, it argued the idea of Britain being America's "mother country" made Britain's actions all the worse because no mother would treat her children so badly. Name the document.
In this army of the 1700s life was hard. Enlistments lasted 1-3 years and the soldiers were treated differently by the states they represented. Some of these differences included how and when they were paid, how they were housed, how they marched, and how they were supplied with food, clothing and equipment. All of these issues made morale very low. Name the army.
Daughters of Liberty
Opposed British authority; wove homespun fabric to make clothes and other goods so the colonists would not need to rely on British imports. Who were they?
Declaration of Independence
Formally approved by the Congress on July 4, 1776. This "shout heard round the world" has been a source of inspiration to countless revolutionary movements against arbitrary authority. The document sharply separated Loyalists from Patriots and helped to start the American Revolution by allowing England to hear of the colonists disagreements with British authority.
Washington crossed this to stage a surprise attack on the British?
Divide and conquer
What was the main military strategy of the British during the Revolutionary War?
England gained Canada and Spain gained claims of land west of the Mississippi
With the peace terms of the Treaty of Paris 1763 which ended the French and Indian War, what land did England and Spain gain?
Fight and raise taxes
The British colonists saw the French and Indian war as just another European war. Because of this they did not help out as much as the British government thought they would. What two things did they not do as much as Britain expected to help win the war?
Name the country that supported the colonies with naval support throughout the American Revolution.
Which colonizer in the America's was most friendly towards the Indians?
French and Indian War
Name the war that began in 1754. It started when George Washington was sent to Fort Duquesne to lead troops to guard an Ohio Company claim. His troops clashed with the French and were forced to retreat. George Washington was only twenty-two years old at the time.
The commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution. He was the first U.S President and also was responsible for reorganizing the army during the Revolutionary War. Name him.
Revolutionary War Strengths of this country are a well-trained army and navy, strong central government, and support from loyalists and Indians. Name the country.
Revolutionary War weaknesses of this country are large distance from homeland, unfamiliar with terrain, weak military leaders, and sympathy from some politicians in government for enemy. Name the country.
Guerilla fighting tactics
What type of new fighting tactics did the colonists learn from the Indians as a result of fighting in the French and Indian War?
These non-European people were not British but supported the British during the Revolutionary War and would have been seen as loyalists. Who are they?
These Acts were imposed upon Boston by the King in response to the Boston Tea Party. They were seen as punishment by the colonists. These acts also allowed British officials accused of major crimes to be tried in England and forced the colonists to house British troops on their property.
What is the name of the enlightenment thinker that wrote that people have natural rights such as life, liberty, and property, and should oppose tyranny?
Following the opening paragraph of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson wrote that "whenever any form of government becomes destructive of the ends (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness) it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it". This part of the Declaration of Independence is influenced by which enlightenment thinker?
Thomas Jefferson does this in the opening of the Declaration of Independence? He makes this point clear both legally and philosophically.
What is the last name of the French general who helped train American soldiers during the Revolutionary War?
Land ownership in the West
Following the French and Indian war, what possibility were the colonists most excited about?
Lexington and Concord
The name of the first battle of the Revolutionary War. It began when British troops marched with the main purpose to seize weapons. By the time it was over, the colonists emerged victorious as they picked the British soldiers apart using guerilla style war tactics.
Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu
What are the names of the three most important enlightenment thinkers that directly influenced the decisions made by the revolutionary war thinkers?
Lord Charles Cornwallis
commander of the British forces during the American Revolution. Surrendered at Yorktown and returned to Britain.
Loyalists / Tories
A colonist in the new world who remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution.
Patriot civilian soldiers during the Revolutionary War who were ready to fight at a minute's notice.
What is the name of the enlightenment thinker that believed that government should be divided into branches so that power is balanced and not in the hands of a single king?
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
A law that established a procedure for the admission of new sates to the Union?
No Taxation without Representation"
This is a theory of popular government that developed in England. This doctrine was used by the colonists to protest the Stamp Act of 1765. The colonists declared that they had no one representing them in Parliament, so Parliament had no right to tax them. England continued to tax the colonists causing them to deny Parliament's authority completely. Thus, the colonists began to consider their own political independence. This eventually led to revolutionary consequences.
Ohio River Valley
Land disputes along this valley between Britain and France led to the French and Indian War?
Olive Branch Petition
What is the name of the document, sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III proposing reconciliation between the colonies and Great Britain?
Outlast the British
What was the main military strategy of the continental army during the Revolutionary War?
Following the Boston Massacre, the colonists reacted by using the massacre as propaganda against the British. Although the massacre was arguably caused by the colonists, the colonists created political cartoons and depicting the British as the guilty party. Name the person responsible for the best-selling painting of the Boston Massacre.
what was the name colonists gave themselves as they boycotted the Stamp Act? It was the first time they called themselves by this name.
Patriots, Loyalists, Neutrals
Name the three main groups that the colonists were divided into during the revolution. The labels described which side the colonists were loyal to.
Proclamation of 1763
Statement by King George III forbidden colonial Americans from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains in an effort to limit their conflicts with Native Americans. This statement also required the colonies to help pay the British war debt left behind from the French and Indian War. This statement caused conflict between the colonies and Great Britain for those two reasons.
After which major colonial victory in 1777 did the French join the war on the side of America? This battle was seen as the turning point of the war.
Second Continental Congress
Name the Continental Congress that convened in May 1775. This congress approved the Declaration of Independence serving as the only agency of national government during the Revolutionary War.
Seven Years War
The French and Indian War lasted from 1754-1763. It was a part of a larger global war. What was the name of the larger global war that it was a part of?
Social Contract Theory
A declaration by Thomas Jefferson that Stated that "government derives just powers from the consent of the governed" or from the people. This right gave the people the right to alter or abolish government. One of the main arguments used in the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was influenced by John Locke in his thinking.
Sons of Liberty
Secret Organization created during the years of the American Revolution. This organization was composed of American colonists that opposed British authority. They used violence and intimidation to promote and achieve their goals.
this act required the colonists to print newspapers, legal documents, playing cards, and so forth, on paper bearing special stamps. The British made money off of the colonists through this tax. This tax was very unpopular among the colonists and sparked the phrase, "no taxation without representation".
Stamp act reaction is colonial boycotts, harassment of stamp distributors, and a declaration of rights and grievances
Name one of the three initial colonial reactions to the stamp act.
He was a member of the House of Burgesses, wrote the Declaration of Independence, was ambassador to France, and was the President of the United States of America. He did all these things before, during, and after the Revolutionary war. With his Declaration of Independence he declared the colonies' freedom from England. While President, he bought the Louisiana Purchase and had Lewis and Clark to explore it.
He was a passionate and persuasive writer who published the bestseller, Common Sense in 1776. He had the radical idea that the colonies should set up America as an independent, democratic, republic away from England. Over 120,000 copies of his book were sold and this helped spark the colonial rebellion later that year. Who is he?
a series of laws enacted by parliament in 1767 establishing indirect taxes on goods imported from Britain by the British colonies in North America. It followed the Stamp Act and Sugar Act.
Treaty of Paris 1763
What was the name of the treaty that ended the French and Indian War? It forced France to turn over control of Canada to Great Britain. France also surrendered its claim to all land east of the Mississippi River, with exception of the city of New Orleans. This treaty also gave Britain more control over its colonies causing future conflict between the British colonists and Great Britain.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
The British recognized the independence of the United States. It granted boundaries, which stretched from the Mississippi on the west, to the Great Lakes on the north, and to Spanish Florida on the south. The Yankees retained a share of Newfoundland. It greatly upset the Canadians. It also removed the British army from the Americas.
Revolutionary War strengths of this country are familiarity of the home ground, leadership of George Washington, and inspiration to fight?
Revolutionary War weaknesses of this country are untrained soldiers, food shortage, inferior navy, and no wartime government?
Washington and his troops spent the winter of 1777 and 1778 here. The army faced a harsh winter and problems with housing, food, and clothing. Washington ordered an intense training program and the army came out unified. Name the place described.
Name given to party of patriots of the new land resisting England prior to the Declaration of Independence.
What was the final battle of the Revolutionary War? The British General Cornwallis and his men were trapped between the continental army and the French Navy. This victory was coined as the "day the world turned upside down".
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