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Civics Ch. 3
Terms in this set (35)
What is the difference between the president's jobs as commander in chief and chief of state?
His job as a commander in chief allows him to be the commander of the troops, to be able to order them where he wants them to go, and to call them back home. The chief of state meanst that he is the head of the United States.
What are some of the benefits the president and vice president receive?
A large salary, a large staff who are always on call, access to lots of cars and air force one.
What are the informal job requirements for the presidency?
Experience, personal qualities that the public looks for.
In what ways have presidents past and present been similar?
They have tried to be good communicators in dealing with the public.
What are some features and qualities that you think an ideal president should have?
I think that the ideal president should be smart, a great communicator, and an honest person that tells the truth.
What are the executive powers of the president?
This power alls them to issue executive orders, have appointment and removal powers, and maintaining the right of an executive privilege, which is to refuse to release information to Congress or a court.
What are the diplomatic powers of president?
These powers allow the president to negotiate treaties (which is limited by checks with Congress), make executive agreements, and have diplomatic recognition.
Military powers of president?
The military powers These powers allow the president to be commander in chief, to be able to call out armed forces.
How does the president exercise legislative powers?
Legislative Powers allow the president be the chief agenda setter in Congress, but most importantly, to veto a bill from Congress.
Judicial presidential powers?
Judicial Powers include the president be the chief agenda setter in Congress
What are the informal powers of the president?
powers that are not directly stated in the Constitution, such as the access to the media and the position as party leader
How are the presidents powers checked by other branches?
The power is checked by congress, and can override a veto of 2/3 the vote.the Judicial plan can impeach a president.
In what ways has the presidential power changed over the years?
Increased, by the growth of government itself in response to new challenges and situations, and the growth of a nation as a world power.
What are the formal duties of the Vice President?
Some of the formal duties include being the President of the Senate, Also presiding over the senate, opening and counting the electoral votes in the presidential elections, and serving as the president if the president can't be there. (382).
How have presidents traditionally regarded the role of the vice president?
As an advisor
Who makes up the cabinet?
The cabinet includes the Vice President and 15 other executive departments, each having to do with a certain subject.
How does the federal government pay for its operations?
By borrowing money through income taxes, payroll taxes, and bonds. Income taxes come form and depend on income. Payroll taxes come from paychecks from employers. For bonds, the government borrows a certain amount of money from a person with a promise to pay them back in interest in the future.
What are the two types of government spending?
Mandatory Spending: Spending required by laws and is not submitted to the annual federal budget.
Discretionary spending: Spending subject to the annual federal budget process.
How does the federal budget process work?
starting with the president, which he creates and presents a budget. A document is then presented stating the revenue, and estimates all of the long term plans. Then the president presents it to Congress, which they agree on the grand totals for the revenue to guide it. Then Congress creates a series of bills which are sent back to the president.
How do fiscal and monetary policy affect the nation's economy?
Help the federal government work toward 4 part economic goal, which includes economonmic growth, low unemployment, stable prices for goods and services, and a balanced budget.
What is a budget deficit?
A budget that we are spending more money than we are actually making .
What is total national debt?
The debt that is totally acquired.
What is PAYGO?
Pay as you go as we go along every year and it impacted our deficit becausee it increased our total deficit
How is jurisdiction determined in the American Court system?
Jurisdiction is determined whether someone broke a federal or state law, and the federal government has jurisdiction over federal laws, and likewise with the state laws. It is determined on what is the subject matter.
How is the federal court system structured?
At the bottom are the district courts, then it goes to the courts of appeals, and then to the Supreme Court.
How are federal judges appointed?
The President appoints the federal judges, while the Senate approves of the nominations.
What is the judicial branch's role in the system of checks and balances?
The judicial branch has the power of a judicial review, which determines whether the things that the executive branch or the legislative banch makes are unconstitutional or not. (460)
What is the difference between judicial restraint versus judicial activism?
Judicial restraint means that a judge should interpret the Constitution by the way that the Framers intended it to be. Judicial activism is that the judges can adapt the meaning of the Constitution to fit contemporate realities.
What kinds of cases are heard in federal district courts?
The types of cases that are heard in a district court include: cases including residents of different states and also civil offenses. Criminal offenses are heard by district courts. So civil cases, and criminal offense
What is an appellant?
An appellant is a person who files an appeal, to show that the initial decision was unlawful and based on a legal mistake.
What is the purpose of the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces?
For the Armed Forces, it gives them a special order and discipline in the military. Here, in case something is violated, there are five civilian judges.
Describe the background and significance of Plessy v. Ferguson
In Plessy v. Ferguson, separate facilities for blacks and white were not equal. This led to expansions of Jim Crow Laws and segregation
Why is the Marshall Court considered so central to the nation's history?
John Marshall was a Federalist, and was a chief justice. the decisions helped shape the basic structure of the federal government. It made the necessary and proper clause and expanded the implied powers in congress.
What are the main factors a president may look for in selecting a Supreme Court nominee?
Presidents use the same criteria: legal expertise, party affiliation, philosophy, an da sense of the acceptability to the Senate.
Define majority opinion, concurring opinion, and dissenting opinion.
Majority opinion: One that is signed by at least five of the nine members of the Court.
Concurring opinion: Agree with the overall conclusion but stress some different or logical reasoning.
Dissenting opinions: those held by the minority of justices who do not agree with the majority.
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